“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 65, “New Heavens And A New Earth”

Christian Living

“Hosanna,” Israel Houghton

“New Heavens And A New Earth,” Isaiah 65:17) For, Behold, I Create New Heavens And A New Earth:  And The Former Shall Not Be Remembered, Nor Come Into Mind.  2 Peter 3:13.  18) But Be Ye Glad And Rejoice For Ever In That Which I Create:  For, Behold, I Create Jerusalem A Rejoicing, And Her People A Joy.  19) And I Will Rejoice In Jerusalem, And Joy In MY People:  And The Voice Of Weeping Shall Be No More Heard In Her, Nor The Voice Of Crying.  Revelation 7:17.  20) There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days:  for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed.  Ecclesiastes 8:12.   21) And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them.  Leviticus 26:16.  22) They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat:  for as the days of a tree are the days of MY People, and MINE Elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.   23) They shall not labour in vain, nor bring forth for trouble; for they are The Seed Of The Blessed Of THE LORD, And Their Offspring With Them.  Hosea 9:12.  24) And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I WILL ANSWER; and while they are yet speaking, I WILL HEAR.  Psalm 32:5.  25) The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock:  and dust shall be the serpent’s meat.  They shall not hurt nor destroy in All MY HOLY MOUNTAIN SAITH THE LORD. 

John Gill’s Exposition Of The Bible – For, behold, I CREATE NEW HEAVENS AND A NEW EARTH  This Prophecy began to have its Accomplishment in The First Times Of The Gospel, when through the Preaching Of It there was a New Face Of Things appeared in Judea, and in the Gentile world, So That The Whole Looked Like A New World; And This Was All The Effect Of Creating Power, Of The Mighty, Powerful, And Efficacious Grace Of GOD Attending THE WORD, To The Conversion Of Many Souls; A New Church State Was Formed, consisting of persons gathered out of the world, the old national church of the Jews being dissolved, and Gospel Churches everywhere set up; New Ordinances Appointed, TO CONTINUE TILL CHRIST’S SECOND COMING AND THE OLD ONES ABOLISHED; A New Way Of Worship Observed, at least in a More Spiritual and Evangelic Manner; A New Covenant Exhibited, or The Covenant Of Grace Held Forth In A New Form Of Administration, The Former Waxen Old And Vanished Away; AND THE NEW AND LIVING WAY TO THE FATHER, THROUGH CHRIST, MADE MORE MANIFEST:  This Will Have A Further Accomplishment At The Conversion of the Jews, Which Will Be As Life From The Dead, And Things Will Look Like A New World With Them; Their Blindness Will Be Removed, The Veil Will Be Taken Away From Them; they will part with all their legal rites and ceremonies, and the traditions of the elders, AND EMBRACE THE MESSIAH, AND ALL HIS TRUTHS AND ORDINANCES; OLD THINGS SHALL PASS AWAY, AND ALL THINGS BECOME NEW:  And It Shall Have ITS Complete Accomplishments In The New Jerusalem State, WHEN NOT ONLY CHRIST WILL APPEAR, AND MAKE ALL THINGS NEW IN A SPIRITUAL SENSE, AND THAT COMPLETELY; But Even In A Literal Sense There Will Be New Heavens, And A New Earth, Which John In Vision Saw; And Which Peter Says he and other Believers Expected, ACCORDING TO THE PROMISE OF GOD, When These Heavens And Earth Shall Be Dissolved And Pass Away; see ( Revelation 21:1 Revelation 21:2 Revelation 21:5 ) ( 2 Peter 3:13 ) : and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind;  either the old heavens and earth, which shall pass away, and be no more seen; or the former state both of the Jewish, and Gentile world; or the former troubles, as in the preceding verse, taken in the sense of affliction and persecution; all antichristian troubles shall cease in The Latter Day, after the conversion of the Jews, and especially in the New Jerusalem state; see ( Isaiah 2:4 ) ( 11:9 ) ( Revelation 7:16 Revelation 7:17 ) ( 21:4 ) .

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v17, 18, I CREATE, may also be translated “I AM CREATING” or  “I AM ABOUT TO CREATE.”  New Heavens and A New Earth:  GOD Will Fashion A New Cosmos That Will Be Ready For HIS PRESENCE and for the enjoyment of HIS PEOPLE.  Former encompasses everything up to The Creation Of The New COSMOS (Revelation 21;4).  Be Glad and Rejoice means “to be openly, deliriously happy.”  Saints are called upon to Celebrate By Faith The Coming Glorious SALVATION (66:10).  CREATE Jerusalem signifies that it will be entirely New.  v19, MY People:  This title for the citizens of Jerusalem is also used in 63:8.  weeping shall no longer be heard:   For similar ideas about GOD’S COMING SALVATION, see 25:8; 35:10; 51:11.  v20, the child shall die one hundred years old:  On one level, these words indicate a return in the coming Kingdom to the extended life spans that are noted before the Flood (Genesis 5).  It appears that people will not be affected by disease and aging in the same way as in our present world.  v21, 22, houses … vineyards:  The life of Blessing in the coming Kingdom is presented in terms that would have been readily understood by the people of Isaiah’s day (Micah 4:4).  Industry will not be limited to these twin pursuits, but the Happy, Blessed Life is indicated by them.  As the days of a tree indicates longevity and stability and the words long enjoy reinforces these ideals.  v23, They shall not labor in vain:  These Words Speak Of GOD Reversing The Curse.   v24, Before they call, I WILL ANSWER EXPRESSES THE TRUTH THAT THERE WILL BE NO DELAY BETWEEN PETITION AND PRAISE.  v25, The figures (wolf, lion etc.) represent the restoration of nature and the coming of Universal Peace.  Dust shall be the serpent’s food indicates the specific curse in Genesis 3:14 will be consummated.

Quest Study Bible – v17, “New Heavens And A New Earth,”  It’s possible that Isaiah was thinking of the end of this present Heaven and earth, With GOD Beginning All Over Again.  But its much more likely that he was using the word Create to mean Transform.  If so, he was saying that When GOD BRINGS SALVATION TO HIS PEOPLE Everything Will Be Completely Transformed.  v20, “Why consider 100-year-old’s as mere youths?”  Some see this as The New Order in the Kingdom or millennial age.  Others see this in more general terms, as a figure of speech.  Either way, WHEN GOD TRANSFORMS HIS WORLD, THERE WILL BE NO UNTIMELY DEATHS.  No one will die in infancy and 100-year-old’s will be considered young.  These images portray One Central TRUTH:  The New World Is Going To Be Better Than The Old.  Amen.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v17-25, In The Grace And Comfort Believers Have In CHRIST, We Are To Look For This New Heaven And New Earth.  The former confusions, sins and miseries of the human race, shall be no more remembered or renewed.  The Approaching Happy State Of The CHURCH Is Described Under A Variety Of Images.  He shall be thought to die in his youth, and for his sins, who only lives to the age of a hundred years.  The Event Alone Can Determine What Is Meant; but it is plain that Christianity, if universal, would so do away violence and evil, as greatly to (and so) lengthen life.  In Those Happy Days, All GOD’S People Shall Enjoy The Fruit Of Their Labors.  Nor will children then be the trouble of their parents, or suffer trouble themselves.  The Evil Dispositions Of Sinners Shall Be Completely Mortified; All Shall Live In Harmony.  Thus The Church On Earth Shall Be Full Of Happiness, Like Heaven.  This Prophecy Assures The Servants Of CHRIST, That The Time Approaches, Wherein They Shall Be Blessed With The Undisturbed Enjoyment Of All That Is Needful For Their Happiness.  As Workers Together With GOD, Let Us Attend HIS ORDINANCES (LAWS), AND OBEY HIS COMMANDS.  Amen. 

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 65, “Judgment and Salvation,” VIII

Christian Living

“Be Still,”  Yolanda Adams 

“Judgment and Salvation,” VIII, Isaiah 65:11) But ye are they that Forsake THE LORD, that forget MY HOLY MOUNTAIN, that prepare a table for that troop, and that furnish the drink offering unto that number.  1 Corinthians 10:21.  12) Therefore WILL I NUMBER YOU TO THE SWORD, and ye shall bow down to the slaughter:  because WHEN I CALLED, ye did not answer; WHEN I SPAKE, ye did not hear; but did evil before MINE EYES, and did choose that wherein I DELIGHTED NOT.  Jeremiah 7:13.  13) Therefore THUS SAITH THE LORD GOD, Behold, MY Servants Shall Eat, but ye shall be hungry:  Behold, MY Servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty:  Behold, MY Servants shall Rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed:  14) Behold, MY Servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.  15) And ye shall leave your name for a curse unto MY CHOSEN:  FOR THE LORD GOD Shall Slay thee, and Call HIS Servants By Another Name:  Proverbs 10:7.  16) That he who blesseth himself in the earth Shall Bless himself IN THE GOD OF TRUTH; and he that sweareth in the earth Shall Swear BY THE GOD OF TRUTH; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from MINE EYES.  

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v11, The word who occurs four times in this verse, introducing more (vv. 2-5) of Israel’s sins.  These sins involved forsaking THE LORD, forgetting HIS PLACE OF WORSHIP, worshiping Gad, a god of good luck, and worshiping Meni, a god of fate.  v12, When I CALLED you did not answer contrasts with “Before they call, I WILL ANSWER in v. 24.  v13, Behold … but;  The pattern here recalls the Blessings and Curses on Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal.  Eat and drink:  This is a festive meal accompanied by Rejoicing.   v14, Sing here develops the idea of Rejoicing in v. 13 (see also 12:1-6; 35:10; 61:7).   v15, The chosen (v. 9)  will use the apostates’ (one who forsakes his religion) name as a curse by invoking the terrible fate of the apostates on others.  “THE LORD will make you like apostate Israel.”  Another name signifies the launching of a new era.  v16, He who blesses himself in the earth will Invoke THE LORD’S NAME, BECAUSE HE IS THE GOD OF TRUTH.  Amen.

John Gill’s Exposition Of The Bible – v13, That he who blesseth himself in the earth  That is sensible he stands in need of Blessings, and wishes for them, and Prays he might have them; or that takes notice that he is Blessed with them, and Acknowledges them, and is Thankful for them: shall bless himself in THE GOD OF TRUTH;
shall pray to HIM for Blessings he wants, and ascribe what he has unto HIM, and give HIM THE PRAISE AND GLORY of them; by WHOM is meant, either GOD THE FATHER, in opposition to idols, the fictitious deities of the Gentiles, those lying vanities, which were not gods by nature, and to whom THE GOD OF TRUTH, or THE TRUE GOD, is often opposed, and whom the Targum here calls THE LIVING GOD; or rather THE MESSIAH, our LORD JESUS CHRIST: for The Words may be rendered, “shall bless himself in GOD Amen” F6; that is, in GOD, WHO IS THE  “AMEN”, which is One Of THE NAMES OF CHRIST, ( Revelation 3:14 ) in WHOM Believers Are Blessed with all SPIRITUAL BLESSINGS, and reckon themselves BLESSED IN HIM, and Ascribe BLESSING TO HIM for them; in WHOM ALL THE PROMISES OF GOD ARE YEA AND AMEN, AND WHO IS THE TRUE GOD, AND ETERNAL LIFE, ( 2 Corinthians 1:20 ) ( 1 John 5:20 ) : and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by THE GOD OF TRUTH; when an Oath is necessary on any account, and it is proper to Appeal To THE SUPREME BEING FOR THE TRUTH OF ANYTHING, This, In GOSPEL TIMES, SHOULD BE DONE IN THE NAME OF CHRIST; HE, WHO IS THE AMEN AND FAITHFUL WITNESS, TO BE APPEALED UNTO, WHO IS GOD OMNISCIENT, THE DISCERNER OF THE THOUGHTS AND INTENTS OF THE HEART.  Of forms of Swearing by CHRIST, see ( Romans 9:1 ) ( 2 Corinthians 12:19 ) . Besides, swearing, as it is a part of religious worship, may here be put for the whole; so it signifies, that as All Blessings Come From CHRIST, So All Worship And Duty Should Be Performed Unto HIM, AND IN HIS NAME. Because the former troubles are forgotten, they are hid from MNE EYES;  which is to be understood not of afflictions and persecutions for THE SAKE OF CHRIST AND HIS GOSPEL, for these, especially in the first times of it, were very great; though in the latter day they will cease, to which indeed this Prophecy extends: but rather either of the idolatry and superstition of the Gentile world, which were troublesome and offensive to GOD, but now removed by THE CLEAR LIGHT OF THE GOSPEL, and so Forgotten By HIM, and Hid From HIS EYES; or the carnal ordinances of the legal dispensation, which gave great trouble to the worshipers then, and could not cleanse their consciences, and through the fear of death, on the breach of them, were all their lifetime subject to bondage; BUT NOW THESE ARE ALL DONE AWAY BY CHRIST, and in Gospel times forgotten by men, and HID FROM THE SIGHT OF GOD, WHO Regards Them No More; see ( Jeremiah 3:16 ) .

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v11-16, Here The Different States Of The godly and wicked, Of The Jews Who Believed, and of those who persisted in unbelief, are set against one another.  They prepared a table for that troop of deities which the heathen worship, and poured out drink-offerings to that countless number.  Their worshipers spared no cost to honor them, an example which should shame the worshipers of THE TRUE GOD.  See the malignity of sin; it is doing by choice what we know will Displease GOD.  In every age and nation, THE LORD leaves those who persist in doing evil and despise THE CALL OF THE GOSPEL.  GOD’S Servants Shall Have THE BREAD OF LIFE, And Shall Want (For) Nothing Good For Them.  But those who forsake THE LORD, shall be ashamed of vain confidence in their own righteousness, and the hopes they built thereon.  Worldly people bless themselves in the abundance of this world’s goods; But GOD’S Servants Bless Themselves In HIM.  HE IS THEIR STRENGTH AND PORTION.  They Shall Honor HIM AS THE GOD OF TRUTH.  And It Was Promised That In HIM Should All The Families Of The Earth BE BLESSED.  They Shall Think Themselves Happy In Having HIM For Their GOD, WHO Made Them Forget Their Troubles.  Amen.  

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 65, “Judgment and Salvation,” VII

Christian Living

“I’m Gonna Be Ready,” Yolanda Adams

 “Judgment and Salvation,” VII, Isaiah 65:8) Thus SAITH THE LORD, As the new wine is found in the cluster, and one saith, Destroy it not; for a Blessing is in it; so will I DO FOR MY Servant’s Sakes, That I MAY NOT DESTROY THEM ALL  9) AND I WILL BRING FORTH A SEED OUT OF JACOB, AND OUT OF JUDAH AN INHERITOR OF MY MOUNTAINS: AND MINE ELECT SHALL INHERIT IT, AND MY SERVANTS SHALL DWELL THERE.  Matthew 24:22.  10) And Sharon shall be a fold of flocks, and the valley of Achor a place for the herds to lie down in, FOR MY PEOPLE THAT HAVE SOUGHT ME.  Hosea 2:15.  

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v8, New wine represents the servants (54:17); the otherwise unproductive cluster represents all Israel (5:1, 2).  Servants include “the remnant,” as well as foreigners (56:6).    v9, I WILL Bring Forth Descendants Is FULFILLED IN CHRIST AND IN ALL THOSE THAT ARE FOUND IN HIM (Galatians 3:16, 26-29).   Jacob and Judah represent all Israel.  v10, Sharon, in the west, and the valley of Achor, in the east, denote the whole land.

Quest Study Bible – v10, “Sharon … valley of Achor,”   Sharon was a swamp beside the Mediterranean south of Mount Carmel (see Map 2 at the back of this Bible).  Achor, which means trouble, was a desert area near the Dead Sea.  Both were unsuitable for grazing land.  But GOD’S SALVATION WOULD TRANSFORM THE LAND as dramatically as turning these two places into good pasture.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v8-10, In The Bunch Of Unripe Grapes, At Present Of No Value, The New Wine Is Contained.  The Jews have been kept a Distinct People, that all may witness The Fulfillment of Ancient Prophecies and Promises.  GOD’S CHOSEN The Spiritual Seed Of Praying Jacob, Shall Inherit HIS MOUNTAINS OF BLISS OF JOY, And Be Carried Safe To Them Through The Vale Of Tears.  ALL THINGS ARE FOR THE DISPLAY OF GOD’S GLORY IN THE REDEMPTION OF SINNERS.  Amen.   

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 65, “Judgment and Salvation,” VI

Christian Living

“I’m Gonna Be Ready,”  Yolanda Adams

“Judgment and Salvation,” VI,  Isaiah 65:1) I AM SOUGHT of them that asked not for ME; I AM found of them that sought ME not:  I SAID, BEHOLD ME, BEHOLD ME, unto a nation that was not CALLED BY MY NAME.  Romans 10:20.  2) I HAVE SPREAD OUT MY HANDS ALL THE DAY unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way that was not good, after their own thoughts;  Romans 10:21.  3) A people that provoketh ME to anger continually to MY FACE; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick;  Leviticus 17:5.  4) Which remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments, which eat swine’s flesh, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels;  5) Which say, stand by thyself, come not near to me; for I am holier than thou.  These are a smoke in MY NOSE, a fire that burneth all day.  6) Behold, It Is Written Before ME:  I WILL NOT KEEP SILENCE, BUT WILL RECOMPENSE, EVEN RECOMPENSE into their bosom.  Malachi 3:16.  7) Your iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together, SAITH THE LORD, which have burned incense upon the mountains, and blasphemed ME upon the hills; therefore will I MEASURE their former work into their bosom.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v1, I WAS SOUGHT means “I ALLOWED MYSELF TO BE SOUGHT.”  I WAS FOUND means “I ALLOWED MYSELF TO BE FOUND.”  A nation that was not CALLED BY MY NAME includes the Gentiles and the remnant who “sought” GOD (v. 10).  Together they are the servants who will be called “by another name.”  v2, I HAVE STRETCHED OUT MY HANDS pictures GOD beckoning Israel to Respond To HIM.  All day long suggests patience.  Rebellious describes Israel (63:10).  Who, repeated six times in vv. 2-5, introduces a sorry catalog of Israel’s abominable religious practices:  arrogance (v. 2), open defiance (v. 3), idolatrous fertility rites (v. 3), divination (v. 4), and blasphemous self-righteousness (v. 5).  v3, To MY FACE means “openly.”  The people did not hide their shameful practices or restrain their evil habits.   v4, Spend the night in the tombs (remain among the graves) may refer to the practice of seeking an oracle from the dead.  The Law prohibited eating swine’s flesh (66:17; Leviticus 11:7).  v5, I am holier than you:  The idolaters regarded themselves as better than others.  Smoke and fire stand for things that provoke GOD’S ANGER.  v6, It Is Written refers to Heavenly Records.  I WILL NOT KEEP SILENCE  see 62:1, For Zion’s sake Will I NOT HOLD MY PEACE,  v7, blasphemed ME:  The   Israelites rejected and offended GOD by offering sacrifices to the false gods of other nations on the hill-tops.

Quest Study Bible – v1, “Why did GOD come to those who didn’t care?”  GOD came to them not because of, but in spite of, the fact that they did not care.  Left to ourselves, none of us would Care About GOD.  But HE Initiates A Relationship; HE COMES despite our inability to see our own need.  In fact, the human heart cannot respond to GOD until after GOD HAS SOMEHOW TOUCHED IT.  Some speak of GOD”S “PREVENIENT GRACE”—GRACE THAT COMES BEFORE WE CAN MOVE TOWARDS GOD (1 John 4:19, We Love HIM, Because HE FIRST LOVED US.)  v3-4,  “How did they Provoke THE LORD?”   Other than worshiping idols, its not entirely clear what the people were doing.  Some suggest that they may have been practicing some sort of nature cults in the gardens or perhaps even necromancy (black arts) in the graveyards.  Furthermore, GOD HAD COMMANDED THAT their Altar be of uncut stone, not brick (Exodus 20:25) and that they eat clean meat, not unclean (Leviticus 11).  Also see “Why were uncut stones needed for the Altar?”  (Joshua 8:31).  v5, “Why would people think they were too holy for GOD?”  Because of their idolatry.  Some Israelites had tried to serve both THE LORD and the false gods.  But these people no longer attempted to play that game.  They had dedicated themselves to worshiping idols, and wanted nothing at all to do with THE ONE TRUE GOD.  Apparently they thought that if they associated with THE LORD as well, the effectiveness of their idolatry and incantations would be cancelled.  v7, “What did it mean to pay back into their laps (bosom)?”   This pictures someone seated with a cloth or shawl in his or her lap, into which grain was poured (Ruth 3:15).  It symbolized THE JUDGMENT GOD WOULD POUR UPON THOSE WHO HAD COMMITTED THESE TERRIBLE IDOLATRIES.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-7, The Gentiles Came To Seek GOD, And Find HIM, Because They Were First Sought And Found By HIM.  Often HE meets some thoughtless trifler or profligate opposer, And Says To him, BEHOLD ME; And A Speedy Change Takes Place.  ALL THE GOSPEL DAY, CHRIST WAITED TO BE GRACIOUS.  The Jews were bidden, but would not come.  It is not without cause they are Rejected Of GOD.  They would do what most pleased them.  They grieved, they Vexed THE HOLY SPIRIT.  They forsook GOD”S TEMPLE, and sacrificed in groves.  They cared not for the distinction between clean and unclean meats, before it was taken away by THE GOSPEL.  Perhaps this is put for all forbidden pleasures, and all that is thought to be gotten by sin, that abominable thing which THE LORD HATES.  CHRIST PRONOUNCED MANY WOES AGAINST THE PRIDE AND HYPOCRISY OF THE JEWS.  The proof against them is plain.  And let us watch against pride and self-preference, remembering that every sin, and the most secret thoughts of man’s heart, are known AND WILL BE JUDGED BY GOD.    

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 64, “Praise and Prayer,” V

Christian Living

“Hosanna,” Israel Houghton

“Praise and Prayer,” V, Isaiah 64:6) But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteous acts are as filthy rags; and all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.  Philippians 3:9.  7) And there is none that calleth upon THY NAME, that stirreth up himself to take hold of THEE:  For THOU Hast Hid THY FACE From Us, And Hast Consumed Us, Because Of Our Iniquities.  8) But Now, O LORD, THOU Art Our Father; we are the clay, and THOU our PORTER (POTTER); and we all are The Work Of THY HAND.  Ephesians 2:10.  9) Be Not Wroth Very Sore, O LORD, Neither Remember Iniquity For Ever:  Behold, See, We Beseech THEE, We Are All THY People.  10) THY Holy Cities are a wilderness, Zion is a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation.  11) Our HOLY And Beautiful House, where our fathers Praised THEE, is burned up with fire:  and all our pleasant things are laid waste.  2 Kings 25:9.  12) Wilt THOU Refrain (Hold)  THYSELF For These Things, O LORD?  Wilt THOU Hold THY PEACE, And Afflict Us Very Sore?  

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v6, Unclean means the people were unfit for GOD’S PRESENCE.  Filthy rags refers to garments stained during menstruation.  As a leaf signifies the people’s human weakness.  v7, There is no one who calls is a phrase calling attention to the people’s apathy (lack of interest).  Hidden:  GOD IS NEVER REALLY “IN HIDING,” But Does OBSCURE (COVERS) HIS PRESENCE because of sin (1:15).  v8, But now, O LORD:  These Words serve as a contrast to the preceding Section, The Confession Of Sin.  We are the clay:  For being clay in THE POTTER’S HANDS, see Romans 9:20, 21.  v9, Do not be furious claims GOD’S PROMISE  in 54:7, 8.  Nor remember Claims GOD’S PROMISE in 43:25.  Please Look (See) refers to GOD’S “Hiding” Of HIMSELF in v. 7.  v10, cities … Zion … Jerusalem:  The Prophetic Picture of the devastation of the land following the Babylonian invasion is used as a means of appeal to THE HEART OF GOD.  v11, Our fathers praised YOU suggests that the speakers are at least a generation removed from the fall of The Temple.  v12, Will YOU Restrain YOURSELF:  The people use the language of Love to Implore GOD To Act Again On Their Behalf.

Quest Study Bible – v6, “How could something so Righteous be so dirty?”  Isaiah says that the best and most Righteous things we do are distorted and overwhelmed by our sinful nature.  Good Deeds Alone Cannot Counteract Wickedness anymore than dry leaves can resist the wind.  THE BIBLE presents two contrasting views of humanity:  though human beings are made in The Image Of GOD, they are also Vile Sinners.  v8, “Father,”   A Picture Of GOD With Several Wonderful Implications:  GOD GIVES US LIFE, LOVES US, PROTECTS US AND PROVIDES FOR US.  The word Father Depicts The Special Relationship We Can Have With GOD (1 John 3:1).  It also offers us a Better Understanding Of HIS RELATIONSHIP WITH JESUS, THE SON OF GOD (Matthew 3:16-17).  v8, “If THE POTTER Shapes The Clay, How Is The Clay Responsible?”  It is hard to blame the clay for the shape it is in.  And if this were the only picture we had of the relationship between GOD and people, it would be difficult to see how people could be held accountable for their condition.  But metaphors (a figure of speech used to refer to another thing) have limitations and cannot illustrate every side of a particular Truth.  THE BIBLE uses many analogies (similarities) to help us Understand GOD:  GOD THE POTTER SHOWS HIS SOVEREIGN CONTROL OF CREATION; GOD OUR FATHER (also in this Verse) suggests a Relationship where children can choose to be obedient or rebellious.  v10, 11, “Did This predict the destruction of Jerusalem and THE TEMPLE?”  Yes.  Isaiah’s vivid language has prompted some to thing parts of this Book were written and added later, after the fact.  They doubt Prophecy can be so Specific.  Others believe that this Book was the work of a single Prophet.  They see no problem with either Isaiah’s Precise Words or use of the past tense to describe the future.  The Hebrew “Prophetic Perfect Tense,’ translated as past tense, stresses the certainty of the coming events.  For more on this use of language see “What service had Jerusalem completed?”  (40:2) and “Why Did GOD Speak As Though Victory Had Already Come?”  (Joshua 6:2).

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v6-12, The People Of GOD, In Affliction, Confess And Bewail Their Sins, Owning Themselves Unworthy Of HIS MERCY.  Sin is that Abominable thing which THE LORD HATES.  Our deeds, whatever thy may seem to be, if we think to merit by them at GOD’S HAND, are as (filthy) rags, and will not cover us, filthy rags, and will but defile us.  Even our few good works in which there is real excellence, as FRUITS OF THE SPIRIT, are so defective and defiled as done by us, that they need to be washed in THE FOUNTAIN (THE BLOOD SHED BY CHRIST ON THE CROSS) Open For Sin And Uncleanness.  It bodes ill when Prayer is kept back.  To Pray, Is By Faith To Take Hold Of THE PROMISES THE LORD HAS MADE OF HIS GOOD-WILL TO US, and (lay them (our sins) at THE CROSS);  To Take Hold Of HIM (CHRIST), Earnestly Begging HIM NOT TO LEAVE US; Or Soliciting HIS RETURN.  They brought their troubles upon themselves by their own folly.  Sinners are blasted (withered), and then carried away, by the wind of their own iniquity; it withers and then ruins them.  When thy made themselves as an unclean thing, no wonder that GOD LOATHED THEM.  Foolish and careless as we are, poor, and despised, yet still THOU ART OUR FATHER.  It is the Wrath of a FATHER we are under, WHO Will Be Reconciled; and the relief our case requires is only from HIM.  They refer themselves to GOD.  They do not say, “LORD rebuke us not,” for that may be necessary.  They state their lamentable condition.  See what ruin brings upon a people (or person); and an outward Profession of Holiness Will Be No Defense Against It.  GOD’S People presume not to tell HIM what HE Shall Say, but their Prayer is, Speak for the comfort and relief of the people.  How few call upon THE LORD WITH THEIR WHOLE HEARTS, or stir themselves to LAY HOLD UPON HIM!  GOD May Delay For A Time To Answer Our Prayers, BUT HE WILL, IN THE END, ANSWER THOSE WHO CALL ON HIS NAME AND HOPE IN HIS MERCY.   

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 64, “Praise and Prayer,” IV

Christian Living

“Hosanna,” Israel Houghton

“Praise and Prayer,” IV, Isaiah 64:1) O That THOU Would Rend The Heavens, That THOU Wouldest Come Down, That The Mountains Might Bow Down At THY Presence,  2) As when the melting Fire burneth, the Fire causeth the waters to boil, to make THY NAME Known To THINE Adversaries, that the nations may tremble at THY Presence.  3) When THOU Didst Terrible Things which we looked not for, THOU Camest Down, the mountains flowed down at THY Presence.  4) For since the beginning of the world men have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, neither hath the eye seen, O GOD, Beside THEE, What HE Hath Prepared For him That Waiteth For HIM.  Psalm 31:19.  5) THOU Meetest him that Rejoiceth and Worketh Righteousness, those that Remember THEE In THY Ways Behold, THOU Art Wroth; for we have sinned:  in those is continuance (those who continue in sin), and we shall be saved.  Malachi 3:6.  

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v1, 2, Oh that … YOU would come down:  This appeal for THE LORD to (come down) is based on HIS Appearances at Sinai.  The image of fire often Symbolizes GOD’S PRESENCE Especially In Judgment.  v3, Awesome Things:  THE APPEARANCE OF GOD IS FEARSOME (Exodus 19:16-21; Deuteronomy 10:21; 2 Samuel 7:23).  for which we did not look:  GOD’S Saving Acts Surpass Expectations (Ephesians 3:20).  v4, Paul cites this Verse with some changes in 1 Corinthians 2:9.  v5, YOU Meet him … who remembers YOU In YOUR Ways:  These words reinforce the idea of v. 4.  The word indeed provides a transition from the petition to the confession of sin.

Quest Study Bible – v1-3, “WHAT HAPPENS WHEN GOD COMES DOWN?”  Who can say?  With GOD, There Is No Limit As To What Can Happen.  Isaiah wanted GOD To Demonstrate HIS GREAT POWER AND REVEAL HIS GLORY TO ALL NATIONS, Not Just To HIS OWN PEOPLE.  He wanted GOD Both to JUDGE The Evil Nations and to BLESS HIS PEOPLE ISRAEL.  When GOD COMES IN POWER TO DO AWESOME THINGS That We Did Not Expect (v. 3), THE WICKED AND THE RIGHTEOUS BOTH TREMBLE BEFORE HIM.  v4, “How can we wait for HIM?”   To Wait For GOD Means To TRUST HIM, To Be FAITHFUL To HIM And To Commit Oneself To HIM (see for example Psalm 37:3-7).  Waiting For GOD means, in particular, To Keep On TRUSTING Even When Things Are Going Badly—When You Have Not Yet Been Delivered From Your Troubles.  GOD DOES NOT ALWAYS INTERVENE IMMEDIATELY WHEN WE CALL ON HIM FOR HELP.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – 1-5, They Desire That GOD Would Manifest HIMSELF To Them And For Them, So That All May See IT.  This is applicable to THE SECOND COMING OF CHRIST, WHEN THE LORD HIMSELF SHALL DESCEND FROM HEAVEN.  They Plead What GOD Had Used To Do, AND HAD DECLARED HIS GRACIOUS PURPOSE TO DO, FOR HIS PEOPLE.  They need not fear being disappointed of IT, for IT IS SURE; or disappointed in IT, FOR IT IS SUFFICIENT.  The Happiness of HIS PEOPLE IS BOUND UP IN WHAT GOD HAS DESIGNED FOR THEM, AND IS PREPARING FOR THEM, AND PREPARING THEM FOR;  FOR WHAT HE HAS DONE OR WILL DO.  Can we Believe THIS, and then think anything Too Great To Expect From HIS TRUTH, POWER, AND LOVE?  It Is Spiritual And Cannot Be Comprehended By Human Understanding.  IT IS EVER READY (HIS TRUTH, POWER, AND LOVE).  See What Communion There Is Between A GRACIOUS (MERCIFUL AND COMPASSIONATE) GOD And A Gracious Soul.  We Must Make Conscience (Our Moral Conduct) Of Doing Our Duty In Every Thing THE LORD Our GOD Requires.  Thou Meetest HIM:  This Speaks HIS FREENESS AND FORWARDNESS IN DOING THEM GOOD.  Though GOD Has Been Angry With Us For Our Sins, And JUSTLY, Yet HIS Anger Has Soon Ended; But In HIS FAVOR IS LIFE, Which Goes On And Continues, AND ON THAT WE DEPEND FOR OUR SALVATION.  Amen.             

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 63, “PRAISE AND PRAYER,” III

Christian Living 

“Jesus The Christ, The Messiah, The Anointed And Holy One”

“The Battle Is Not Yours,”  Yolanda Adams

“PRAISE AND PRAYER,” III, Isaiah 63:15) Look Down From Heaven,  And Behold From The Habitation Of THY HOLINESS AND OF THY GLORY:  Where Is THY ZEAL AND THY STRENGTH, THE SOUNDING OF THY BOWELS (STRONG PASSIONS) AND OF THY MERCIES TOWARD me?  Are THEY Restrained?  16) Doubtless THOU ART our FATHER, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledged us not:  THOU, O LORD, ART our FATHER, our REDEEMER, THY NAME IS FROM EVERLASTING.  Galatians 3:28.  17) O LORD, why hast THOU made us to err from THY WAYS, and hardened our hearts from THY FEAR?  Return For THY servants’ sake, the tribes of THINE INHERITANCE.  Psalm 119:10; Matthew 13:15.  18) The people of THY HOLINESS have possessed It (THY SANCTUARY) but a little while:  our adversaries have trodden down THY SANCTUARY.  Daniel 8:24.  19) We are THINE:  THOU NEVER barest rule over them (the heathens); they were not CALLED BY THY NAME.   

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary –  v15, HEAVEN REFERS TO GOD’S UNIVERSAL RULE OVER SPACE AND TIME (Psalm 11:4-6).  The pronoun me is a personified Israel (59:9-15).  v16, GOD Is their Father because HE CREATED THEM AS A NATION (Deuteronomy 32:6; Jeremiah 3:4, 19).  Abraham and Israel, the people’s human fathers (51:2), were limited in their knowledge by time and space, in contrast to THE LORD, the people’s FATHER AND REDEEMER FROM EVERLASTING (41:14).   v17, us:  Isaiah identifies himself with his people (59:9-15).  THE LORD confirming the people in their sin, hardened their hearts (6:10; Exodus 4:21; Psalm 95:8).   v18, 19, Called by YOUR NAME Signifies THE LORD OWNERSHIP OF THE PEOPLE (Deuteronomy 28:10; Jeremiah 14:9).   

Quest Study Bible – v17, “WHY WOULD GOD CAUSE PEOPLE TO STRAY FROM HIS WAYS?”  Some say that GOD Simply Allowed HIS People To Stray–HE Gave Them The Opportunity.  GOD IS NOT THE AUTHOR OF SIN; HE DOES NOT CAUSE PEOPLE TO SIN.  Though the Hebrews did not always distinguish it so carefully, There Is A Vast Difference Between WHAT GOD ALLOWS TO HAPPEN, Which Can Include Sin, And WHAT GOD CAUSES TO HAPPEN.  For further discussion on this, see article:  “HOW CAN A HOLY GOD SEND AN EVIL SPIRIT?”  (Judges 9:23).

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v15-19, They Beseech HIM To Look Down On The Abject Condition Of Their Once-Favored Nation.  Would It Not Be Glorious To HIS NAME To Remove The Veil From Their Hearts, To Return To The Tribes Of HIS INHERITANCE?  The Babylonish Captivity, And The After-Deliverance Of The Jews, Were Shadows Of The Events Here Foretold.  THE LORD LOOKS DOWN UPON US IN TENDERNESS AND MERCY.  SPIRITUAL JUDGMENTS ARE MORE TO BE DREADED THAN ANY OTHER CALAMITIES; And We Should Most Carefully Avoid Those Sins Which Justly PROVOKE THE LORD To Leave Them To Themselves And To Their Deceiver.  “OUR REDEEMER FROM EVERLASTING”  IS THY NAME; Thy People Have Always Looked Upon THE GOD TO WHOM THEY MIGHT APPEAL.  THE LORD WILL HEAR THE PRAYERS OF THOSE WHO BELONG TO HIM, AND DELIVER THEM FROM THOSE NOT CALLED BY HIS NAME.  Amen.   

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 63, “PRAISE AND PRAYER,” cont’d

Christian Living 

“Let The Church Say Amen,”  Andre Crouch Featuring Marvin Winans

“PRAISE AND PRAYER,” cont’d, Isaiah 63:10) But they rebelled, and vexed HIS HOLY SPIRIT:  Therefore HE WAS TURNED TO BE THEIR ENEMY, AND HE FOUGHT AGAINST THEM.  11) THEN HE REMEMBERED THE DAYS OF OLD, Moses, and HIS People, saying, Where is HE that bought them up out of the sea, with the shepherd (Moses) of HIS flock?  where is HE THAT PUT HIS HOLY SPIRIT within him (Moses)?  12) That Led them by the right hand of Moses WITH HIS GLORIOUS ARM, DIVIDING THE WATER BEFORE THEM, TO MAKE HIMSELF AN EVERLASTING NAME?  13) THAT LED them through the deep, as an horse in the wilderness, that they should not stumble?   14) As a beast goeth down into the valley, THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD Caused him (the people of Israel) to rest:  SO DIDST THOU LEAD THY PEOPLE, TO MAKE THYSELF A GLORIOUS NAME.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary –  v10, rebelled:  this verb means “to be contentious” (Numbers 20:10; Psalm 78:40; 106:33, 43).  The HOLY SPIRIT is referred to from time to time in the Hebrew Scriptures, and several times in the Book of Isaiah (11:2; 42:1).  v11, Days of old refers to the period of the Exodus and the Wilderness.  The sea is an allusion to the Red Sea (50:2; Exodus 14:21-29).  Shepherd, referring to Moses, is plural.  CHRIST IS THE GREATER SHEPHERD (John 10:11; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 5:4).  PUT HIS HOLY SPIRIT WITHIN THEM is an allusion to Numbers 11:17, 25.  v12, GLORIOUS ARM is an allusion to Exodus 15:6 (see also 41:13; 51:9).  Dividing The Water is a reference to Exodus 14:16, 21 (see Psalm 78:13).   v13, 14, The account of the Exodus and settlement of the land is concluded with two images.  The first is a horse moving sure-footedly across the sea bottom as through a wilderness; the second is a beast, meaning “a domesticated herd,” returning from grazing on mountainsides into the valley … to rest (Deuteronomy 12:9).

Quest Study Bible – v10, “How Can GOD Be Grieved (Vexed)?”  The BIBLE Often Speaks Of GOD’S PASSION AND DEEP EMOTIONS.  HE LOVES PEOPLE; HE HATES SIN.  HE SHOWS COMPASSION AND MERCY; HE GROWS ANGRY.  GOD’S EMOTIONS DEMONSTRATE HIS PERSONAL NATURE.  GOD IS NOT AN OMNIPOTENT MACHINE LOOKING DISPASSIONATELY ON THE WORLD.  HE LONGS TO BE INVOLVED IN OUR LIVES AND IS GRIEVED WHEN PEOPLE REJECT HIM.  THE PERSONAL SIDE OF GOD’S SPIRIT IS REVEALED MORE CLEARLY IN THIS PASSAGE THAN ANYWHERE ELSE IN THE OLD TESTAMENT.  Also see “WHAT GRIEVES THE HOLY SPIRIT?” (Ephesians 4:30).   v12, 14, “WHY DID CARE ABOUT PUBLIC RELATIONS?”  When people want to gain … renown or make … a glorious name for themselves, they are usually driven by less than pure motives including pride, self-centeredness and lust for power.  BUT GOD’S MOTIVES ARE ENTIRELY PURE.  HE WANTS PEOPLE TO KNOW THE TRUTH—THAT HE ALONE IS GOD, that other so-called gods are false.  ONLY WHEN PEOPLE KNOW THE TRUTH ABOUT GOD AND HONOR HIM AS GOD WILL THEY FIND THEIR DEEPEST NEEDS MET.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v7-14, The Latter Part Of This Chapter, and the whole of the next, seem to express the Payers of the Jews on their conversation.  They Acknowledge GOD’S GREAT MERCIES AND FAVORS TO THEIR NATION.  They Confess Their Wickedness And Hardness Of Heart; They Entreat HIS FORGIVENESS, And Deplore The Miserable Condition Under Which They Have So Long Suffered.  THE ONLY-BEGOTTEN SON OF THE FATHER BECAME THE ANGEL OR MESSENGER OF HIS LOVE; THUS HE REDEEMED AND BARE THEM WITH TENDERNESS.  Yet They Murdered, And Resisted HIS HOLY SPIRIT, Despising And Persecuting HIS HOLY PROPHETS, REJECTING AND CRUCIFYING THE PROMISED MESSIAH.  All Our Comforts And Hope Spring From THE LOVING-KINDNESS OF THE LORD, And All Our Miseries And Fears From Our Sins.  BUT HE IS THE SAVIOUR, And When Sinners SEEK AFTER HIM, WHO IN OTHER AGES GLORIFIED HIMSELF BY SAVING AND FEEDING HIS PURCHASED FLOCK, AND LEADING THEM SAFELY THROUGH DANGERS, AND HAS GIVEN HIS HOLY SPIRIT TO PROSPER THE LABORS OF HIS MINISTERS, There Is Good Ground To Hope That They Are Discovering THE WAY OF PEACE.  Amen.      

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 63, “PRAISE AND PRAYER”

Christian Living

“Hosanna,” Israel Houghton

“PRAISE AND PRAYER,” Isaiah 63:7) I Will Mention THE LOVINGKINDNESS OF THE LORD, AND THE PRAISES OF THE LORD, ACCORDING TO ALL THAT THE LORD HATH BESTOWED ON US, AND THE GREAT GOODNESS TOWARD THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL, WHICH HE HATH BESTOWED ON THEM ACCORDING TO HIS MERCIES, AND ACCORDING TO THE MULTITUDE OF HIS LOVINGKINDNESSES. 8) FOR HE SAID, SURELY THEY ARE MY PEOPLE, CHILDREN THAT WILL NOT LIE:  SO HE WAS THEIR SAVIOUR.  9) In their affliction HE WAS AFFLICTED, AND THE ANGEL OF HIS PRESENCE SAVED THEM:  IN HIS LOVE AND IN HIS PITY HE REDEEMED THEM; AND HE BARE THEM, AND CARRIED THEM ALL THE DAYS OF OLD.  Acts 12:11;  Exodus 19:4.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v7, I will mention:  Isaiah publicly proclaims GOD’S SAVING MERCIES (Psalm 77:12; 89:1).  The plural words Lovingkindnesses and praises refer to THE LORD’S MANY ACTS OF LOVE AND LOYALTY TO HIS PEOPLE.  The word Lovingkindnesses is translated “sure mercies” in 55:3 (see also Psalm 89:1).  v8, In the Hebrew BIBLE, the term MY people is used in two ways:  (1) for those who were united nationally to GOD by blood and history through Abraham’s flesh (48:1; Exodus 3:7), and (2) for those who were united to HIM inwardly through Abraham’s Faith and Obedience (Leviticus 26:12; Deuteronomy 29;13).  v9, Their affliction probably refers to GOD”S SYMPATHY FOR HIS PEOPLE IN EGYPT (Exodus 2:25; 3:7), and at the time of the judges (Judges 10:16).  HE WAS AFFLICTED:  GOD SHARES THE HURT OF HIS PEOPLE  (Exodus 2:23-25).  BORE AND CARRIED are allusions to Exodus 19:4 (see Deuteronomy 1:31; 32:10-12).

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v7-14, The Latter Part Of This Chapter, and the whole of the next, seem to express the Payers of the Jews on their conversation.  They Acknowledge GOD’S GREAT MERCIES AND FAVORS TO THEIR NATION.  They Confess Their Wickedness And Hardness Of Heart; They Entreat HIS FORGIVENESS, And Deplore The Miserable Condition Under Which They Have So Long Suffered.  THE ONLY-BEGOTTEN SON OF THE FATHER BECAME THE ANGEL OR MESSENGER OF HIS LOVE; THUS HE REDEEMED AND BARE THEM WITH TENDERNESS.  Yet They Murdered, And Resisted HIS HOLY SPIRIT, Despising And Persecuting HIS HOLY PROPHETS, REJECTING AND CRUCIFYING THE PROMISED MESSIAH.  All Our Comforts And Hope Spring From THE LOVING-KINDNESS OF THE LORD, And All Our Miseries And Fears From Our Sins.  BUT HE IS THE SAVIOUR, And When Sinners SEEK AFTER HIM, WHO IN OTHER AGES GLORIFIED HIMSELF BY SAVING AND FEEDING HIS PURCHASED FLOCK, AND LEADING THEM SAFELY THROUGH DANGERS, AND HAS GIVEN HIS HOLY SPIRIT TO PROSPER THE LABORS OF HIS MINISTERS, There Is Good Ground To Hope That They Are Discovering THE WAY OF PEACE.  Amen.      

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 63, “GOD’S DAY OF VENGEANCE AND REDEMPTION”

Christian Living

“I Just Can’t Stop Praising HIS NAME,”  Keith Pringle 

Atoned/Atonement – CHRIST SACRIFICED HIMSELF FOR OUR SINS

“GOD’S DAY OF VENGEANCE AND REDEMPTION,” Isaiah 63:1) WHO IS THIS THAT COMETH FROM EDOM, WITH DYED GARMENTS FROM BOZRAH?  THIS THAT IS GLORIOUS IN HIS APPAREL, TRAVELING IN THE GREATNESS OF HIS STRENGTH?  I THAT SPEAK IN RIGHTEOUSNESS, MIGHTY TO SAVE.  2) Wherefore ART THOU RED IN THINE APPAREL, and THY GARMENTS like him that treadeth in the winefat?  Revelation 19:13.  3) I HAVE TRODDEN THE WINEPRESS ALONE; and of the people there was none with ME:  FOR I WILL TREAD THEM IN MINE ANGER, AND TRAMPLE THEM IN MY FURY; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon MY GARMENTS, AND I WILL STAIN ALL MY RAIMENT.  Lamentation 1:15.  4) FOR THE DAY OF VENGEANCE IS IN MY HEART, AND THE YEAR OF MY REDEEMED IS COME.  5) And I LOOKED and there was none to help; and I WONDERED that there was none to uphold:  THEREFORE MINE OWN ARM BROUGHT SALVATION UNTO ME; AND MY FURY, IT UPHELD ME.  John 16:32.  6) And I WILL TREAD DOWN THE PEOPLE IN MINE ANGER, AND MAKE THEM DRUNK IN MY FURY, AND I WILL BRING DOWN THEIR STRENGTH TO THE EARTH.  Revelation 16:6.   

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v1, The word COMES links this verse with 62:11.  Edom epitomized Israel’s enemies (Psalm 137:7; Lamentations 4:21, 22; Ezekiel 25:12; 35:1-15; Obadiah 13, 14); it was famous for its wine-making (see v. 3 for a reference to wine).  Note that the text does not say that GOD Vanquished (Defeat Thoroughly) Edom, but rather the “peoples” (vv. 3, 6).   GARMENTS:   See the warriors garments in 59:17.  Bozrah was the chief town of Edom (34:6; Jeremiah 49:13).  v2, The apparel will be red from bloodstains.  v3, I is Applied to CHRIST in Revelation 19:15.  The winepress represents the battle.  v4-6, Year Of MY Redeemed:  This   phrase alludes to the “law of redemption” of slaves and property (61:2; Leviticus 25).  

Quest Study Bible  – v1, “Edom … Bozrah,”  Bozrah which means fortress, was the capital city of Edom, to the south and east of Israel.   v1-6, “Who is talking to whom?”  Isaiah, as a Prophet, plays the role of watchman guarding the city of Jerusalem.  He asks in effect, “Who goes there?”  and discovers IT IS THE LORD, SPEAKING IN RIGHTEOUSNESS, MIGHTY TO SAVE.  v2, “Winepress,”  A large vat or trough where several people could work together stomping out grapes to squeeze out the juice so it could be drained off and collected.  The process left their feet and clothing stained by the red grape juice.  v5, SCRIPTURE LINK This Verse is similar to 59:16 and the meaning of the two Verses is the same:  GOD RESCUES HIS PEOPLE HIMSELF BECAUSE THERE IS NO ONE ELSE TO DO IT.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-6, The Prophet, In Vision, Beholds THE MESSIAH RETURNING IN TRIUMPH FROM THE CONQUEST OF HIS ENEMIES, of whom Edom was a type.  Travelling, Not As Wearied By The Combat, But, IN THE GREATNESS OF HIS STRENGTH, PREPARED TO OVERCOME EVERY OPPOSING POWER.  MESSIAH DECLARES THAT HE HAD BEEN TREADING THE WINE-PRESS OF THE WRATH OF GOD, Revelation 14:19; 19:13.  BY HIS OWN POWER, without any human help, HE HAD CRUSHED HIS OBSTINATE (STUBBORN, UNYIELDING) OPPOSERS, For The Day Of Vengeance Was Determined On, Being The Appointed Season For Rescuing HIS CHURCH.  Once, HE APPEARED ON EARTH IN APPARENT WEAKNESS, TO POUR OUT HIS PRECIOUS BLOOD AS AN ATONEMENT FOR OUR SINS; BUT IN DUE TIME HE WILL APPEAR IN THE GREATNESS OF HIS STRENGTH.  The Day Of Vengeance, Fixed And Determined On, Approaches;  Let Sinners Seek To Be Reconciled To Their RIGHTEOUS JUDGE, ERE (IN TIME) HE BRINGS DOWN THEIR STRENGTH TO THE EARTH.  DOES CHRIST SAY, “I COME QUICKLY?”  Let Your Hearts Reply, “Even So, Come; Let The Year Of The Redeemed Come.”