“At The Cross”
“THE DEATH OF JESUS,” III, Matthew 27:47) Some of them that stood there, when they heard THAT, said, This MAN CALLETH for Elias. 48) And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave HIM TO DRINK. Psalm 69:21; John 19:29. 49) The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save HIM. 50) JESUS, WHEN HE HAD CRIED AGAIN WITH A LOUD VOICE, YIELDED UP THE GHOST.
John Gill’s Exposition Of The Bible – v47, Some of them that stood there Near The Cross, looking on, and mocking at HIM, when they heard that; The Words, “Eli, Eli”, SPOKEN BY CHRIST, said, This Man Calleth For Elias. These could not be the Roman soldiers that said so, who had no notion of Elias; rather the Hellenistic Jews, who not so well understanding the Hebrew language, hearing the above words, and having some notion of the Prophet Elias, fancied HE WAS CALLING FOR him; though it seems most likely to be the Jews, who either through the nearness of the sound of the words, and mistake of them, and not near enough to hear and distinguish them, really thought HE CALLED Prophet; or rather willfully mistook HIM, with an intent to banter and ridicule HIM. v48, And straightway one of them ran and took a sponge Which was not far from THE CROSS, where a vessel full of vinegar was set, ( John 19:29 ) , and filled it with vinegar; dipping it into it, it sucked it up. Some of these sponges had leathern handles to them. F18 And put it on a reed; a stalk of hyssop; (See Gill on John 19:29), AND GAVE HIM TO DRINK; Not To Revive HIS SPIRITS, Or Hasten HIS DEATH, as some have thought, But In Contempt OF HIM, and to MOCK HIM, HE HAVING SIGNIFIED THAT HE WAS ATHRIST. v49, The rest said, let be The others, to whom he belonged, that fetched the sponge, said to him, Let HIM Alone, keep at a distance from HIM, give HIM nothing to drink: let us see whether Elias will come to Save HIM; whom the Jews looked upon to be the forerunner of THE MESSIAH, and therefore suggest, that should he come to save HIM, they would Believe HE WAS THE MESSAIAH; and they had a mighty notion of Elias appearing to persons frequently F19, and talking, and conversing with them; (See Gill on Matthew 17:3), though they did not believe he would come, and appear to CHRIST; for they were persons of great note for piety and learning, to whom he appeared, as they pretend, whereas they had no such opinion of HIM (CHRIST). The Ethiopic version here adds, and one took a spear and PIERCED HIS SIDE with it, AND BLOOD AND WATER FLOWED OUT: but this circumstance is only recorded by the Evangelist John, ( John 19:34 ) , though Beza says the same is read here in two ancient copies. v50, JESUS, WHEN HE HAD CRIED AGAIN “A second time”, as the Persic version; for HE HAD CRIED ONCE BEFORE, AND EXPRESSED THE WORDS HE DID, AS IN ( Matthew 27:46 ) , WHAT HE NOW DELIVERED WERE, “FATHER, INTO THY HANDS I COMMEND MY SPIRIT”, ( Luke 23:46 ) , AND “IT IS FINISHED”. ( John 19:30 ) , which HE SAID WITH A LOUD VOICE; Which Showed The Vehemency Of HIS AFFECTION, HIS STRONG CONFIDENCE OF IN GOD, AND HIS BEING FEARLESS OF DEATH; AS HE THUS SPOKE, THAT HE MIGHT BE HEARD, AND HIS WORDS ATTEND TO (LISTENED TO), Since They Contained Things Of The Greatest Importance And Consequence: Moreover, BEING ABLE TO EXPRESS HIMSELF IN SUCH A MANNER, THUS DECLARED HIM TO BE MORE THAN A MERE MAN; FOR AFTER SUCH AGONIES IN THE GARDEN, AND SO MUCH FATIGUE IN BEING HURRIED FROM PLACE TO PLACE, AND SUCH LOSS OF BLOOD BY BEING BUFFETED, SCOURGED, CROWNED WITH THORNS, AND NAILED TO THE ACCURSED TREE, WHERE, BEING STRETCHED, HE HAD HUNG FOR SOME HOURS; TO SPEAK WITH SO LOUD A VOICE WAS MORE THAN HUMAN, AND WAS A CONVICTION TO THE CENURION, THAT HE WAS A DIVINE PERSON: FOR WHEN he SAW THAT HE CRIED OUT, AND “GAVE UP THE GHOST,” he said “Truly This MAN WAS THE SON OF GOD,” ( Mark 15:39 ) , and likewise it shows, THAT HE DIED FREELY AND VOLUNTARILY, AND NOT THROUGH FORCE AND NECESSITY; It Was Not All That Men Had Done, Or Could Do To HIM, That Could Have Forced HIS LIFE FROM HIM: HE DIED WILLINGLY, And When Nature Was In Its Full Strength; And Which Is Signified In The Next Phrase, YIELDED UP THE GHOST, or “DISMISSED THE SPIRIT”, as the Syriac version truly renders it; HE SENT IT AWAY. IT WAS NOT TAKEN FROM HIM, HE LAID DOWN HIS LIFE OF HIMSELF, AS THE LORD OF IT, AND GAVE HIMSELF FREELY TO BE AN OFFERING AND SACRIFICE IN THE ROOM (INSTEAD) OF HIS PEOPLE; WHICH IS A PROOF OF HIS GREAT LOVE, AND AMAZING GRACE UNTO THEM.