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“JESUS ANOINTED AT BETHANY,” Matthew 26:6) Now When Jesus Was In Bethany, In The House Of Simon The Leper, Matthew 21:17. 7) There Came Unto Him A Woman Having An Alabaster Box Of Very Precious Ointment, And Poured It On His Head, As He Sat At Meat.
Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v6, Apparently Jesus Spent His Nights In The Village Of Bethany, Just A Few Miles Outside Of Jerusalem On The Mount Of Olives. Simon was a leper, who evidently had been Cleansed By Jesus. He may have been the father of Lazarus, Mary, and Martha (see John 12:1, 2). v7-9, The costly fragrant oil (see Mark 14:3) was a perfume extracted from pure nard (an aromatic Himalayan plant). She broke the flask and poured out the oil to cover Jesus’ Body (see Mark 14:3).
John Gill’s Exposition Of The Bible – v7, There Came Unto Him A Woman By some thought to be the same that is spoken of in ( Luke 7:37 ) (v37, And, behold a woman in the city; which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus Sat At Meat In The Pharisee’s House, brought an alabaster box of ointment, Luke 8:2) and by most, to be Mary, the sister of Lazarus, ( John 12:3 ) (v3, Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard (a Himalayan plant of the valerian family) very costly, and Anointed The Feet Of Jesus, and wiped His Feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.), which may be true; for it is possible that one and the same woman, might perform a like action at different times; for neither of the above, at the same time, will the following agree: not to the former, for though that was done in the house of one Simon, yet not Simon the leper, but Simon the Pharisee; who though he had a particular respect for Christ, which few of that sect had, yet appeared to be then of a Pharisaical spirit; that was done in Galilee, this near Jerusalem in Bethany; the woman there anointed the feet of Christ, But This Woman poured the ointment on His Head; nor did any such conversation as here follow upon it, Between Christ and His Disciples; but what discourse was had on that occasion, was Between Simon and Christ. No(r) to the latter, for that does not appear to be done in Simon’s house, but rather in the house of Lazarus; no mention is made of the alabaster box, nor was the ointment poured on His Head, But On His Feet; besides, that was done six days before the Passover, whereas This Was But Two; moreover, Judas only objected to that, but the Disciples in general had indignation at this; and the objections to it, And Christ’s Defense Of It, are much in the same language, in one place as in the other, Yet It Was No Unusual Thing With Christ, To Make Use Of The Same Words On A Like Incident, Or When The Same Objections Were Made. The fact here recorded, is the same as in ( Mark 14:3 ) (same as Matthew 26:7) where it stands in the same order as here, and seems to have been done at the supper, of which mention is made, ( John 13:2 ) , when Satan entered into Judas, and put it into his heart to betray his master, the account of which follows this here: having an alabaster box of very precious ointment; Mark calls it, “ointment of spikenard”, ( Mark 14:3 ) , which was very odorous, and of a very fragrant smell; see ( Song of Solomon 1:12 ) . Some there render it, “pure nard”; unadulterated, unmixed, sincere and genuine; others, “liquid nard”, which was drinkable, and easy to be poured out; and some “Pistic” nard, so called, either from “Pista”, the name of a place in India, from whence it was brought, as some think; or as Dr. Lightfoot, from (aqtoyp) , “Pistaca”, which is the maste of a tree F3, and of which, among other things, Pliny says F4, the ointment of nard was made. The Persic version in both places read it, “ointment of Gallia”; and the just now mentioned writer F5, speaks of “nardum Gallicum”, “Gallic nard”, which is what may be meant by that interpreter; but be it what ointment it will; it was ointment, very precious: very costly, and of a very great price; for the Disciples observe, it might have been sold for more than three hundred pence ($4.32): and for the better preserving of such ointments incorrupt, they used to be put into vessels made of “alabaster” F6; though some think not the matter, but the form of these vessels is referred to; and observe, that vessels of gold, silver, and glass, for this use, being made in the form of “alabasters” (white and translucent), were called by that name; and that this might be made of the latter, since Mark says, that she brake the box; not into pieces, for then she could not be said to pour it out; but either the top, or side of it: though some critics observe, that the word signifies no more, than that she shook it, that the thicker parts of the ointment might liquify, and be the more easily poured out. The Arabic version has omitted that clause, and the Syriac, Persic, and Ethiopic, read it, “she opened it”; that is, as the Persic adds, “the top of the vessel”: she took off the covering of the box, or took out the stopple, and Poured It On His Head, As He Sat At Meat: which was usually done at festivals, or at any considerable entertainments, as at weddings, &c. “Says Rab, they “pour ointment on the heads of the doctors”; (the gloss is, the women put ointment on the heads of the scholars;) and they say, that R. Bar Ula got a wife for his son in the house of one of the Rabbins, (Nnbrd avyra axvym gydrdw) , “and poured ointment on the head of the doctors” F7:” to this custom are the allusions in ( Psalms 23:5 ) ( Ecclesiastes 9:8 ) . The Pouring Of This Ointment On The Head Of Christ Was Emblematical (Symbolizing His Deity) Of His Being Anointed With The Oil Of Gladness Above His Fellows; Of His Having The Holy Spirit, And His Gifts And Graces Without Measure; which, like the ointment poured on Aaron’s head, that ran down to his beard, and the skirts of his garments, Descends To All The Members Of His Mystical Body: And Was A Symbol Of The Gospel, Which Is Like Ointment Poured Forth; And Of The Sweet Savor Of The Knowledge Of Christ, Which Was To Be Diffused (Spread), Throughout All The World, By The Preaching Of It; And Was Done By This Woman In The Faith Of Him, AS THE TRUE MESSIAH, THE LORD’S ANOINTED AS THE PROPHET, PRIEST, AND KING OF HIS CHURCH. Amen.
Quest Study Bible – v6-13, Mark tells about The Anointing Of Jesus at Bethany in Mark 14:3-9. Luke and John give similar accounts in Luke 7:37-38 and John 12:1-8. v6-13, “Is Matthew telling the same story as Mark, Luke and John?” See “Is this the same story as Matthew, Luke and John?” (Mark 14:3-9).
Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v6-13, The Pouring Ointment Upon The Head Of Christ Was A Token Of The Highest Respect (And Love). WHEN THERE IS TRUE LOVE IN THE HEART TO JESUS CHRIST, NOTHING WILL BE THOUGHT TOO GOOD TO BESTOW UPON HIM. The More Christ’s Servants And Their Services Are Cavilled At (Objected To), THE MORE HE MANIFESTS HIS ACCEPTANCE. This Act Of Faith And Love Was So Remarkable, That It Would Be Reported, As A Memorial Of Mary’s Faith And Love, To All Future Ages, And In All Places Where The Gospel Should Be Preached. THIS PROPHECY IS FULFILLED. Amen.