“Hosanna,” Israel Houghton
“The Sheep and the Goats,” Matthew 25:31) When The Son Of Man Shall Come In His Glory, And All The Holy Angels With Him, Then Shall He Sit Upon The Throne Of His Glory: Zechariah 14:5; Acts 1:11; Thessalonians 4:16. 32) And Before Him Shall Be Gathered All Nations: And He Shall Separate Them One From Another, As A Shepherd Divideth His Sheep From The Goats: Psalm 1:5; Malachi 3:18. 33) And He Shall Set The Sheep On His Right Hand, But The Goats On The Left. 34) Then Shall The King Say Unto Them On His Right Hand, Come, Ye Blessed Of My Father, Inherit The Kingdom Prepared For You From The Foundation Of The World: 1 Corinthians 2:9; Hebrews 11:16. 35) For I Was An Hungred, And Ye Gave Me Meat: I Was Thirsty, And Ye Gave Me Drink: I Was A Stranger, And Ye Took Me In: 36) Naked, And Ye Clothed me: I Was Sick, And Ye Visited Me: I Was In Prison, And Ye Came Unto Me. James 2:15; 2 Timothy 1:16. 37) Then shall the Righteous answer Him, saying; Lord, when saw we Thee an hungred, and fed Thee? or thirsty, and gave Thee drink? 38) When saw we Thee a stranger, and took Thee in? or naked, and clothed Thee? 39) Or when saw we Thee sick; or in prison, and came unto Thee? 40) And The King Shall Answer And Say Unto Them, Verily I Say Unto You, Inasmuch As Ye Have Done It Unto One Of The Least Of These My Brethren, Ye Have Done It Unto Me. Proverbs 19:17; Hebrews 6:10. 41) Then Shall He Say Also Unto Them On The Left Hand, Depart From Me, Ye Cursed, Into Everlasting Fire, Prepared For The Devil And his angels: Psalm 6:8. 42) For I Was An Hungred, And Ye Gave Me No Meat: I Was Thirsty, And Ye Gave Me No Drink: 43) I Was A Stranger, And Ye Took Me Not In: Naked, And Ye Clothed Me Not: Sick, And In Prison, And Ye Visited Me Not. 44) Then shall they also answer Him, saying, Lord, when saw we Thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not Minister unto Thee? 45) Then Shall He Answer Them, Saying, Verily I Say Unto You, Inasmuch As Ye Did It Not To One Of The Least Of These, Ye Did It Not To me. Proverbs 14:31; Proverbs 17:5. 46) And These Shall Go Away Into Everlasting Punishment: But The Righteous Into Life Eternal.
John Gill’s Exposition Of The Bible – v31, When The Son Of Man Shall Come In His Glory What is before signified in the two preceding parables, is here clearly and distinctly represented without a parable: and it should be observed, that as the foregoing parables only regard The Gospel Church State, and the ministers and members of it, good and bad, or all sorts of Christian professors; so this Account of the Last Judgment only concerns them; for though all men that ever have been, are, or shall be in every nation under Heaven, from Adam to the last man that will be born, will be Judged; yet the part or it here described, though it gives a general and lively idea of the whole, only regards the Judgment and Final State of such who have made a Profession of The Christian Religion. The Judge Himself Is First Described, Who Is Said To Be “The Son Of Man”; A Name By Which Christ Is Frequently Called, And By Which He Styles Himself In His State Of Humiliation; Expressing Both The Truth Of His Human Nature, And The Meanness (Lowliness and Suffering) Of It In That State: But As Despicable As He Appeared Then In Human Nature, In The Form Of A Servant, A MAN OF SORROWS, Despised By Men, And Subject To Sufferings And Death; Yet When He Comes Again, It Will Be In Another Guise Manner: HE WILL APPEAR “IN HIS GLORY”; IN THE GLORY OF THE ONLY BEGOTTEN OF THE FATHER, IN THE GLORY OF HIS PROPER DEITY, IN THE GLORY OF ALL THE PERFECTIONS OF THE DIVINE NATURE; WHICH GLORY WAS, IN A GREAT MEASURE, and from most persons, Hid In The Days Of His Flesh, Though He Was In The Form Of God, And Equal With Him. He Will Also Come In His Mediatorial (Related To His Being our Mediator) Glory, Which He Had With The Father Before The World Was, And With All The Honour, Power, And Authority Of The Judge Of The Whole Earth, To Execute Judgment Upon Men; And In The Glory Of His Human Nature, Of Which His Transfiguration On The Mount Was A Pledge And Emblem. And All The Holy Angels With Him; Which Splendid Retinue Will Add To The Glory Of His Appearance; And Who Will Accompany Him Not Merely, Or Only As His Attendants, to make the Solemnity more grand, pompous, and Magnificent; But As Ministering Spirits, who will be Employed By Him In Gathering All Before Him, Separating The Wicked, The Good, And Conducting Each To Their Several Apartments Of Bliss Or Woe: And When He Thus Appears, Then Shall He Sit Upon The Throne Of His Glory; Or Glorious Throne, Upon The Clouds Of Heaven, Where He Will Sit As Judge, And Be Visible To All.
Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v31, The final section of this discourse involves Judgment. Jesus Focuses His Attention On All The Nation’s Of The Earth. When The Son Of Man Comes In All His Glory recalls the words of Daniel 7:13, 14, 27 And Anticipates The Future Reign Of Christ (see Revelation 5:9, 10; 19:11-18; 20:4-6). v32, 33 Nations here means Gentiles. Sheep … goats: Shepherds regularly herded their sheep and goats together, but there came a point when the two had to be separated. v34-39, The Kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world indicates that this Kingdom has always been God’s Goal For His People. v40-45, Three groups are referred to in vv. 31–46: Sheep, goats, and My Brethren. At the very least, these “Brethren” Are Believers In Jesus Christ. v46, Everlasting and Eternal describe both torment and life, indicating that one will last as long as the other.
Quest Study Bible – v31, “Are good works necessary for Eternal Life?” Jesus Did Not Teach That Good Deeds Form The Basis Of Our Salvation. The Bible Shows Clearly That Eternal Life Results From What God Does, not what we do (Titus 3:4-5). We Are Saved By God’s Grace, Not By Our Works. Still, God Intends That Those Who Receive His Grace Will Also Do Good Works (Ephesians 2:8-10). True Faith is more than just claiming to have Faith. Genuine Love For God Will Be Expressed Through Service To Others (1 John 3:16-18)–Not To Earn Salvation, A Heart That Truly Loves God Will Be Filled With Compassion For People. Jesus Wanted His Followers To Set The Pace By Helping Those Who Were Hurting. Good Works That Come From God’s People Grateful For God’s Grace Are At The Heart OF True Religion (James 1:27).
Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v31-46, This Is A Description Of The Last Judgment. It Is An Explanation Of The Former Parables. There Is A Judgment To Come, In Which Every Man Shall Be Sentenced To A State Of Everlasting Happiness Or Misery. Christ Shall Come, Not Only In The Glory Of His Father, But In His Own Glory, As Mediator. The Wicked And godly Here Dwell Together, In The Same Cities, Churches, Families And Not Always To Be Known The One From The Other; Such Are The Weaknesses Of Saints, Such The Hypocrisies Of Sinners; And Death Takes Both: But In That Day They Will Be Parted Forever. Jesus Christ Is The Great Shepherd; He Will Shortly Distinguish Between Those That Are His, And Those That Are Not. All Other Distinctions Will Be Done Away; But The Great One Between Saints And Sinners, Holy And Unholy, WILL REMAIN FOREVER. The Happiness The Saints Shall Possess Is Very Great. It Is A Kingdom; The Most Valuable Possession On Earth; Yet This Is But A Faint Resemblance Of The Blessed State Of The Saints In Heaven. It Is A Kingdom Prepared. The Father Provided It For Them In The Greatness Of His Wisdom And Power; THE SON PURCHASED IT FOR THEM, AND THE BLESSED SPIRIT, IN PREPARING THEM FOR THE KINGDOM, IS PREPARING IT (THE KINGDOM) FOR THEM. IT IS PREPARED FOR THEM: IT IS IN ALL POINTS ADAPTED TO THE NEW NATIONS OF A SANCTIFIED SOUL. IT IS PREPARED FROM THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD. This Happiness Is For The Saints, And They For It, From All Eternity. They Shall Come And Inherit It. What We Inherit Is Not Got By Ourselves. It Is God That Makes Heirs Of Heaven. We Are Not To Suppose That Acts Of Bounty (Generosity) Will Entitle To Eternal Happiness. Good Works Done For God’s Sake, Through Jesus Christ, Are Here Noticed As Marking The Character Of Believers Made Holy By The Spirit Of Christ, And As The Effects Of Grace Bestowed On Those Who Do Them. The Wicked In This World Were Often Called To Come To Christ For Life And Rest, But They Turned From His Calls; And Justly Are Those Bid To Depart From Christ, That Would Not Come To Him. Condemned Sinners Will In Vain Offer Excuses. The Punishment Of The Wicked Will Be An Everlasting Punishment; Their State Cannot Be Altered. THUS LIFE AND DEATH, GOOD AND EVIL, THE BLESSING AND THE CURSE, ARE SET BEFORE US, THAT WE MAY CHOOSE OUR WAY, AND AS OUR WAY SO SHALL OUR END BE. Amen.