“How Excellent,” Mississippi Mass Choir
“Judgment Against the Nations,” Isaiah 34:1) Come near ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein; the world, and all things that come forth of it. 2) For The Indignation Of The Lord Is Upon All Nations, And His Fury Upon All Their Armies: He Hath Utterly Destroyed Them, He Hath Delivered Them To The Slaughter. 3) Their slain also shall He Cast Out, and their stink shall come up out of their carcases, and the mountains shall be melted with their blood. 4) And All The Host Of Heaven Shall Be Dissolved, And The Heavens Shall Be Rolled Together As A Scroll: And All Their Host Shall Fall Down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree. Joel 2:31; 2 Peter 3:10. 5) For My Sword Shall Be Bathed In Heaven: Behold, It Shall Come Down Upon Idumea (Edom), And Upon The People Of My Curse, To Judgment. Jeremiah 46:10; Malachi 1:4. 6) The Sword Of The Lord Is Filled With Blood, It Is Made Fat With Fatness, And With The Blood Of Lambs And Goats, With The Fat Of The Kidneys Of Rams: For The Lord Hath A Sacrifice In Bozrah, And A Great Slaughter In The Land Of Idumea. Zephaniah 1:7. 7) And the unicorns (or, rhinoceros’) shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness. 8) For It Is The Day Of The Lord’s Vengeance, And The Year Of Recompences For The Controversy Of Zion.
Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v1, Let the earth hear: For similar calls for all the world to listen to Isaiah’s Prophecy, see 1:2; 33;13. v2, Indignation is a strong term used to Describe The Wrath Of God. Destroyed means to “devote to destruction.” Because The Lord Had Defeated His Enemy, the spoils were to be Devoted Totally To Him By Burning Them (23:18). v3, The blood of the dead would be so great that it would create mudslides. v4, The host of heaven refers to pagan deities (24;21; 2 Kings 17:16). heavens … rolled up like a scroll: the old cosmos will give way to the new (51:6; Matthew 24:29; Revelation 6:13, 14; 21:1). v5, The Lord’s Avenging Sword Moves From Demolishing The Pantheon of heaven (v.4) to Edom (Idumea) (63:1) in particular. v6, Sin must be Atoned for by Sacrifice, either of the sinner himself as here (Ezekiel 33:10), or by the Substitutionary Sacrifice Of Christ (52:13-15). v7, Oxen and bulls may represent Edom’s troops or leaders. v8, Vengeance: The Lord Secures His Sovereignty and Keeps His Community Whole By Saving His Wronged Subjects and Punishing Their Guilty Oppressors.
Quest Study Bible – v1-3, “Why Was God Angry With All Nations?” God’s Anger Targets All Nations That Refuse To Honor Him, But Especially Those That Show Hostility To The People That Belong To Him. The armies of these nations bear the Brunt Of God’s Wrath, probably because a nation’s military so often reflects its self-sufficiency and deep-seated arrogance. v4, “What does this poetic language describe?” It Pictures The Extent Of God’s Judgment—Affecting Heaven As Well As Earth. Though It Can be taken literally, For God Can Do Things In Ways We Cannot Comprehend, it is also possible that such language, Typical For Divine Judgment, is to be understood symbolically. This Future Judgment, Also Know As The Day Of The Lord Is Further Described In Matthew 24:29; 2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 6:12-14. v5, “Edom,” Although this was a specific nation (see Edom, Genesis 36:1, and Edomites, 2 Chronicles 28:17), here it symbolizes all The Enemies of God and His People. v6, 7, “Why Was The Sword Of The Lord Covered In Fat?” The Sword Represents God’s Judgment Against Enemy Nations–even those living in luxury and ease. Fat symbolized excess–having more than was needed. It was a metaphor for enjoying comfortable circumstances. Fat was also considered the choice part of the meat and in some cases was completely burned as an Offering Of One’s Best To God. Therefore, God’s Judgment Would Extend To All People of Enemy Nations, even the “best”—those who were well-off and well-protected. No Enemy Would Be Spared.
Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-8, Here is a Prophecy of The Wars Of The Lord All Which Are Both Righteous And Successful. All nations are concerned. And as they have all had the benefit of His Patience, so all must expect to feel His Resentment. The description of bloodshed suggests Tremendous Ideas Of The Divine Judgments. Idumea here denotes the nations at Enmity with The Church; also the kingdom of anti-Christ. Our thoughts cannot reach the horrors of that awful season, to those found opposing The Church Of Christ. There Is A Time Fixed In The Divine Counsels For The Deliverance Of The Church, And The Destruction Of Her Enemies. We must patiently wait till then, and judge nothing before the time. Through Christ, Mercy Is Exercised To Every Believer, Consistently With Justice, And His Name Is Glorified.