“His Eye Is On The Sparrow”
“Distress and Help,” cont’d, Isaiah 33:8) The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant (Sennacherib), he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man. Judges 5:6; 2 Kings 18:14. 9) The earth mourneth and languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed and hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off their fruits. 10) Now Will I Rise, Saith The Lord; Now Will I Be Exalted; Now Will I Lift Up Myself. Zephaniah 3:8. 11) Ye Shall Conceive Chaff, ye shall bring forth Stubble: your breath, as Fire, shall devour you. 12) And the people shall be as the burning of lime: as thorns cut up shall they be burned in the Fire. 13) Hear ye, that are far off, What I Have Done; and ye that are near, Acknowledge My Might. 14) The sinners in Zion are afraid; fearlessness hath surprised the hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with the Devouring Fire? who among us shall dwell with Everlasting Burnings?
Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v7, 8 Valiant ones may sarcastically refer to three officials of Judah who conferred with the Assyrians (v. 36:3, 22). Judah’s ambassadors wept bitterly because Assyria took their gifts, but continued to besiege Jerusalem (v. 1). With the treaty between Judah and Assyria broken, the highways were not safe. v9, Sharon, was on the western coastal plain. Bashan was on the east side of the Jordan River. v10, Now … Now … Now: The King Is About To Assert His Authority (vv. 5, 16). v11, You refers to Assyrian (v. 1). chaff … stubble … Fire: The grandeur of Assyria would Be Consumed Quickly. v12, The burnings of lime—all that is left from burning lime is dust—and thorns … in the Fire: indicate the thoroughness and destruction of Assyria’s Destruction (27:4). v13, Hear: For a Similar Call For All To Acknowledge The Lord As Sovereign, see 34:1. v14, Burnings: For A Description Of God As A Consuming Fire, see Deuteronomy 4:24; 9:3; Hebrews 12:29. v15, 16, Who stops … shuts: These words do no advocate ignoring social evil, but refusing to take part in it.
Quest Study Bible – v7-9, “Why did brave men cry?” Brave men crying—along with the images that follow—were graphic, poetic expressions to describe the utter despair that engulfed the land: The brave men of Judah would cry over the destruction brought about by the Assyrians. The destruction came because of a broken treaty, probably the agreement between Hezekiah, the king of Judah and Sennacherib, king of Assyria (2 Kings 18:14). The hopelessness of the people was heightened because the Assyrians totally ignored their overtures toward peace. v11, “Chaff … straw (stubble) … Fire,” Chaff and stubble were the unusable portions of crops—what was left after the grain had been harvested and threshed. This is a picture of futility: their own efforts would accomplish nothing, and, in fact, would end being fuel for the Fire. After the harvest, the straw stubble left in the field was torched, sending towering clouds of smoke and flame into the air. v12, “to lime,” See To lime (Amos 2:1). v14, “Does The Consuming Fire refer to Hell?” No, It Refers To God. God’s Presence, Especially When Judgment Is Involved, Is Often Associated With Fire (29:6; 30:27, 30; Exodus 24:17; Hebrews 12:29).
Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-14, Here we have the proud and false destroyer Justly Reckoned With for all his fraud and violence. The Righteous God often pays sinners in their own coin. Those Who By Faith Humbly Wait For God, Shall Find Him Gracious To Them; as the day, so let the strength be. If God Leaves Us To Ourselves Any Morning, We Are Undone; We Must Every Morning Commit Ourselves To Him, And Go Forth In His Strength, To Do The Work Of The Day. When God Arises, His Enemies Are Scattered. TRUE WISDOM AND KNOWLEDGE LEAD TO STRENGTH AND SALVATION, WHICH RENDERS US STEADFAST IN THE WAYS OF GOD; AND TRUE PIETY (RELIGION AND REVERENCE) IS THE ONLY TREASURE WHICH CAN NEVER BE PLUNDERED OR SPENT. The Distress Jerusalem was brought into, is described. God’s Time To Appear For His People, Is, When All Other Helpers Fail. Let all who hear what God Has Done, Acknowledge That He Can Do Every Thing. Sinners in Zion will have much to answer for, above other sinners. And Those That Rebel Against The Commands Of The Word, Cannot Take It’s Comforts In Time Of Need. His Wrath Will Burn Those Everlastingly Who Make Themselves Fuel For It. It Is A Fire That Shall Never Be Quenched, Nor Ever Go Out Of Itself; It Is The Wrath Of An Ever-Living God Preying On The Conscience Of A Never-Dying Soul.