“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 23, “A Prophecy About Tyre”

Christian Living

christian cross: Illustration of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus. A bleeding heart with flames, pierced by a lance wound with crown of thorns and cross. Illustration

“Be Blessed” Yolanda Adams

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy About Tyre,” Isaiah 23:1) The Burden (Oracle) of Tyre, Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in:  from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them.  2) Be still ye inhabitants of the isle; thou whom the merchants of Zidon, that pass over the sea, have replenished.  3) And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.  Ezekiel 27:3.  4) Be thou ashamed, O Zidon:  for the sea hath spoken, even the strength of the sea, saying, I travail not, nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish up young men, nor bring up virgins.  5) As at the report concerning Egypt, so shall they be sorely pained at the report of Tyre.

Quest Study Bible – v1-5, “How was Tyre destroyed?”  Tyre’s island fortress half a mile off shore made it seem unconquerable.  If the mainland portion of the city fell, as it did to Babylon in 572 B. C., the people would retreat to the island until the invaders left — 13 years later in Babylon’s case.  But centuries later, Alexander the Great defeated mainland Tyre.  Then, using the timber and stones from its ruins, he built a road across the water to the island city.  The fortress finally fell in 332 B. C.  Alexander crucified 2,000 and sold 30,000 into slavery.  Also see “What’s left in place of Tyre today?”  (Ezekiel 26:14).   v4, “Why would the sea say these things to Sidon?”  This is symbolic language, expressing the fact that the economy of the entire Mediterranean coastal world depended heavily on Tyre, a hub of commerce.  This was especially true of Sidon, Tyre’s sister Phoenician city 20 miles north (See Map 5 at the back of This Bible).  With Tyre suddenly gone, Sidon was as alone as a childless women — a terrible stigma in Isaiah’s day.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary –  v1, 2, Tyre was besieged several times over a period of about four hundred years before it was finally laid waste by Alexander the Great in 332 B. C.  Cyprus had close commercial ties with Tyre (Ezekiel 27:6), as did Solomon (1 Kings 5:1, 8-11).  v3, 4, Shihor, a synonym (means the same) for Egypt (see Jeremiah 2:18), brought its coveted grain to Phoenicia, bringing revenue to Tyre, the market-place for the nations.  Sidon, the other prominent city along with Tyre, depended on the Mediterranean Sea for its livelihood, which is personified here as a bereft father.  v5, Egypt would be in agony because its profitable trading partner was gone.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-14, Tyre was the mart of the nations.  She was noted for mirth and diversions; and this made her loth to consider The Warnings God Gave By His Servants.  Her merchants were princes, and lived like princes.  Tyre being destroyed and laid waste, the merchants should abandon her.  Flee to shift for thine own safety, but those that are uneasy in one place, will be so in another; For When God’s Judgments Pursue Sinners, They Will Overtake Them.  Whence shall all this trouble come?  It Is A Destruction From The Almighty God Designed To Convince Men Of The Vanity And Uncertainty Of All Earthly Glory.  Let The Truth of Tyre Warn All Places And Persons To Take Heed Of Pride; For He Who Exalts Himself Shall Be Abased.  God Will Do It, Who Has All Power In His Hand; but the Chaldeans shall be the instruments.  

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“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 22, “A Prophecy About Jerusalem,” V

Christian Living

“I’m Gonna Be Ready,” Yolanda Adams

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy About Jerusalem,” V, Isaiah 22:23) And I Will Fasten Him As A Nail In A Sure Place; And He Shall Be For A Glorious Throne To His Father’s House.  Ezra 9:8.  24) And They Shall Hang Upon Him All The Glory Of His Father’s House, The Offspring And The Issue, All Vessels Of Small Quantity, From The Vessels Of Cups, Even To All The Vessels Of Flagons.  25) In That Day, Saith The Lord Of Hosts, Shall The Nail That Is Fastened In The Sure Place Be Removed, And Be Cut Down, And Fall; And The Burden That Was Upon It Shall Be Cut Off:  For The Lord Hath Spoken It.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary –  v23, A peg suggests one who is firmly in place, a reliable person (but see 22:25).  Glorious throne suggests that Eliakim will bring honor to the memory of his father’s house in contrast to the shame that Shebnar had brought to his master (see v. 18).  v24, All vessels is a metaphor for all the inhabitants, both the influential and the insignificant.  v25, The peg that is fastened in the secure place:  The reference here appears to be Eliakim (v. 20).  Even the noble Eliakim could sustain the burden of government.  Only Immanuel Could Do That (9:6, 7).

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v15-25, This message to Shebna is a reproof of his pride, vanity, and security; what vanity is (is) all earthly grandeur, which death will so soon end!!  What will it avail, whether we are laid in a magnificent tomb, or covered with the green sod?  Those who, when in power, turn and toss (throw) others, will be justly turned and tossed (thrown) themselves.  Eliakim should be put into Shebna’s place.  Those called to places of Trust and Power, Should Seek To God For Grace To Enable Them To Do Their Duty.  Eliakim’s advancement is described.  Our Lord Jesus Describes His Own Power As Mediator, Revelation 3:7, That He Has The key Of David.  His Power In The Kingdom Of Heaven, And In Ordering All The Affairs Of That Kingdom, Is Absolute.  Rulers should be fathers to those under their government; and the honor men bring unto their families, by their Piety and Usefulness, is more to be valued than what they derive from them by their names and titles.  The glory of this world gives a man no real worth or excellence; it is but hung upon him, and it will soon drop from him.  Eliakim was compared to a nail (or peg)  in a sure place.  That Soul Cannot Perish, Nor That Concern Fall To The Ground, Which Is By Faith Hung Upon Christ.  He Will Set Before The Believer An Open Door, Which No Man Can Shut, And Bring Both Body And Soul To Eternal Glory.  But those who Neglect So Great Salvation will find that when He Shutteth None Can Open, Whether It Be Shutting Out From Heaven, Or Shutting Up In Hell For Ever.

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 22, “A Prophecy About Jerusalem,” IV

Christian Living

“Because Of Who You Are,” Vicki Yohe 

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy About Jerusalem,” lV, Isaiah 22:18) He Will Surely Violently Turn And Toss (Throw) Thee Like A Ball Into A Large Country:  There Shalt Thou Die, and there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord’s (master’s) house.  19) And I Will Drive Thee From Thy Station, and from thy state shall he pull thee down (you will be ousted from your position).  20) And it shall come to pass in That Day, That I Will Call My Servant Eliakim The Son Of Hilkiah:  2 Kings 18:18.  21) And I Will Clothe Him With Thy Robe, And Strengthen Him With Thy Girdle, And I Will Commit Thy Government Into His Hand:  And He Shall Be A Father To The Inhabitants Of Jerusalem, And To The House Of Judah.  22) And The Key Of The House Of David Will I Lay Upon His Shoulder; So He Shall Open, And None Shall Shut; And He Shall Shut, And None Shall Open.

Quest Study Bible – v22,   SCRIPTURE LINK (22:22) “What He Opens No One Can Shut,” Jesus used similar words to illustrate Authority Given By God.  See Matthew 16:19; Revelation 3:7.

Quest Study Bible – “How Could God Be So Unforgiving?” v19, Because the nation of Judah was so unrepentant.  If God Had Forgiven This Unrepentant People, it would have been the same as if He Had Approved Of Their Sin.  As it was, God Had Shown Incredible Patience Toward Them, even though they had repeatedly Broken Their Covenant With Him.  Through The Prophets God Tried Again and Again To Restore The Relationship The People Had Severed.  But the people rejected His Prophets And His Message.  Even the annihilation of the Northern Kingdom of Israel (722 B. C.) failed to convince the masses of the Southern Kingdom to Repent.  God May Have Appeared Unforgiving.  In reality, Isaiah was only declaring what the people had already decided:  They Would Not Repent; They Would Not Change Their Sinful Way Of Life; And They Would Not Seek God.  They result?  They Would Remain Unforgiven And Pay The Price For Their Own Sinful Choices.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v18, 19, drive you out:  Shebnar was demoted to a secretary by the time of the Assyrian siege (36:3, 22).  v20, Eliakim:  Was an official whom God Would Honor in place of the arrogant Shebnar (v. 15).  v21, The word father suggests the self-sacrificing love of Eliakim for citizens of Jerusalem.  v22, The steward had the key that gave him an audience with the king.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v15-25, This message to Shebna is a reproof of his pride, vanity, and security; what vanity is (is) all earthly grandeur, which death will so soon end!!  What will it avail, whether we are laid in a magnificent tomb, or covered with the green sod?  Those who, when in power, turn and toss (throw) others, will be justly turned and tossed (thrown) themselves.  Eliakim should be put into Shebna’s place.  Those called to places of Trust and Power, Should Seek To God For Grace To Enable Them To Do Their Duty.  Eliakim’s advancement is described.  Our Lord Jesus Describes His Own Power As Mediator, Revelation 3:7, That He Has The key Of David.  His Power In The Kingdom Of Heaven, And In Ordering All The Affairs Of That Kingdom, Is Absolute.  Rulers should be fathers to those under their government; and the honor men bring unto their families, by their Piety and Usefulness, is more to be valued than what they derive from them by their names and titles.  The glory of this world gives a man no real worth or excellence; it is but hung upon him, and it will soon drop from him.  Eliakim was compared to a nail (or peg)  in a sure place.  That Soul Cannot Perish, Nor That Concern Fall To The Ground, Which Is By Faith Hung Upon Christ.  He Will Set Before The Believer An Open Door, Which No Man Can Shut, And Bring Both Body And Soul To Eternal Glory.  But those who Neglect So Great Salvation will find that when He Shutteth None Can Open, Whether It Be Shutting Out From Heaven, Or Shutting Up In Hell For Ever.  

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 22, “A Prophecy About Jerusalem,” III

Christian Living

“I’m Gonna Be Ready,” Yolanda Adams

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy About Jerusalem,” lll, Isaiah 22:12) And In That Day Did The Lord God Of Hosts Call To Weeping, And To Mourning, And To Baldness, And To Girding With Sackcloth:  13) And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine:  let us eat and drink; for tomorrow we shall die.  1 Corinthians 15:32.  14) And it was revealed in mine ears By The Lord Of Hosts, Surely This Iniquity Shall Not Be Purged From You Till Ye Die, Saith The Lord God Of Hosts.  Ezekiel 24:13.  15) Thus Saith The Lord God Of Hosts, Go, Get Thee Unto This Treasurer, Even Unto Shebna, Which Is Over The House, And Say.  16) What hast thou here?  and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth an habitation (a resting place) for himself in a rock?  17) Behold, The Lord Will Carry Thee Away With A Mighty Captivity, And Will Surely Cover Thee.

 Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v12-14, Called for weeping and for mourning … But instead, joy and gladness:  God Demanded Repentance And Renewal; the people instead turned to pleasure and parties.   v15, Steward (Treasurer) refers to a high government official who was responsible for caring for the king and his dominion.  v16, By hewing him a sepulcher on high, Shebnar rivaled the king (2 Chronicles 16:14), to whom he should have been a father (v. 21).  v17, throw you away;  An impressive grave is no Defense Against God.

Quest Study Bible – v13, SCRIPTURE LINK (22:13) “Let us eat and drink … for tomorrow we die,” Jesus (Luke 12:18-20) and Paul (1 Corinthians 15:32) refer to this cavalier attitude that some people have toward death.   v15, “Shebna,” A royal official in Hezekiah’s day, perhaps both prime minister and palace administer, second in power to the king.  He was eventually demoted and replaced by Eliakim (2 Kings 18:18).  Isaiah saw in Shebna an example of proud, self-confident Judah.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v8-14, The weakness of Judah now appeared more than ever.  Now(,) also they discovered their carnal confidence and their carnal security.  They looked to the fortifications. They made sure of water for the city.  But they were Regardless Of God (determined to carry on without His Help) in all these preparations.  They Did Not Care For His Glory In What They Did.  They did not Depend Upon Him For A Blessing On Their Endeavors.  For Every Creature Is To Us What God Makes It To Be; And We Must Bless Him For It, And Use It For Him.  There Was Great Contempt Of God’s Wrath And Justice, In Contending (Struggling) With Them.  God’s Design Was To Humble Them, And Bring Them To Repentance.  They walked contrary to this.  Actual Disbelief Of Another Life After This, Is At The Bottom Of The Carnal Security And Brutish Sensuality Which Are The Sin, The Shame, And Ruin Of So Great A Part Of Mankind.  God Was Displeased At This.  It is a sin against The Remedy (Repentance Unto Salvation, 2 Corinthians 7:10), and it is not likely they should ever Repent of it.  Whether this unbelief works by presumption or despair, It Produces The Same Contempt (Dislike and Disrespect) Of God.  

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v15-25, This message to Shebna is a reproof of his pride, vanity, and security; what vanity is (is) all earthly grandeur, which death will so soon end!!  What will it avail, whether we are laid in a magnificent tomb, or covered with the green sod?  Those who, when in power, turn and toss (throw) others, will be justly turned and tossed (thrown) themselves.  Eliakim should be put into Shebna’s place.  Those called to places of Trust and Power, Should Seek To God For Grace To Enable Them To Do Their Duty.  Eliakim’s advancement is described.  Our Lord Jesus Describes His Own Power As Mediator, Revelation 3:7, That He Has The key Of David.  His Power In The Kingdom Of Heaven, And In Ordering All The Affairs Of That Kingdom, Is Absolute.  Rulers should be fathers to those under their government; and the honor men bring unto their families, by their Piety and Usefulness, is more to be valued than what they derive from them by their names and titles.  The glory of this world gives a man no real worth or excellence; it is but hung upon him, and it will soon drop from him.  Eliakim was compared to a nail (or peg)  in a sure place.  That Soul Cannot Perish, Nor That Concern Fall To The Ground, Which Is By Faith Hung Upon Christ.  He Will Set Before The Believer An Open Door, Which No Man Can Shut, And Bring Both Body And Soul To Eternal Glory.  But those who Neglect So Great Salvation will find that when He Shutteth None Can Open, Whether It Be Shutting Out From Heaven, Or Shutting Up In Hell For Ever.     

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 22, “A Prophecy About Jerusalem,” cont’d

Christian Living

“I’m Gonna Be Ready,” Yolanda Adams

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy About Jerusalem,” cont’d, Isaiah 22:6) And Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.  Jeremiah 49:35;  7) And it shall come to pass that thy choicest valley shall be full of chariots, and the horsemen shall set themselves in array at the gate.  8) And he discovered the covering of Judah, and thou didst look in that day to the armour of the house of the forest.  l Kings 7:2.  9) Ye have seen also the breaches of the City of David, that they are many:  and ye gathered together the waters of the lower pool.  10) And ye have numbered the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses have ye broken down to fortify the wall.  11) Ye made also a ditch between the two walls for the water of the old pool:  but ye Have Not Looked Unto The Maker Thereof, Neither Had Respect Unto Him That Fashioned It Long Ago.  Nehemiah 3:16.

 Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v6, 7, Kir is Elam.  The Elamites may have been part of the Assyrian army (5:26).  gate:  The same army that plundered Babylon (21:2) will arrive at Jerusalem’s gates.  v8, The House of the Forest is the nation’s armory (39:2).  v9-11, The defense of the city depended on the availability of the water within its walls.  Hezekiah addressed this need by digging a tunnel beneath the city, connecting the lower pool in Jerusalem’s southwestern valley with the old pool, the source of water in the eastern valley.

Quest Study Bible – v8-11, “Palace of the Forest,”  Solomon’s palace, built of cedars shipped from the forests of Lebanon (1 Kings 7:2).  Part of this palace served as an armory (39:2).  Isaiah lists the palace with its weapons, their ingeniously engineered water supply (v. 9) and their reinforced walls (v. 10) as evidence that they were trusting in themselves rather than in God.  

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-7, Why is Jerusalem in such terror?  Her slain men are not slain with the sword, but with famine; or, slain with fear, disheartened.  Their rulers fled, but were overtaken.  The servants of God, who foresee and warn sinners of coming miseries, are affected by the prospect.  But all the horrors of a city taken by storm, (have a shadow of the terrors coming on The Day Of Wrath).

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v8-14, The weakness of Judah now appeared more than ever.  Now(,) also they discovered their carnal confidence and their carnal security.  They looked to the fortifications. They made sure of water for the city.  But they were Regardless Of God (determined to carry on without His Help) in all these preparations.  They Did Not Care For His Glory In What They Did.  They did not Depend Upon Him For A Blessing On Their Endeavors.  For Every Creature Is To Us What God Makes It To Be; And We Must Bless Him For It, And Use It For Him.  There Was Great Contempt Of God’s Wrath And Justice, In Contending (Struggling) With Them.  God’s Design Was To Humble Them, And Bring Them To Repentance.  They walked contrary to this.  Actual Disbelief Of Another Life After This, Is At The Bottom Of The Carnal Security And Brutish Sensuality Which Are The Sin, The Shame, And Ruin Of So Great A Part Of Mankind.  God Was Displeased At This.  It is a sin against The Remedy (Repentance Unto Salvation, 2 Corinthians 7:10), and it is not likely they should ever Repent of it.  Whether this unbelief works by presumption or despair, It Produces The Same Contempt (Dislike and Disrespect) Of God.  

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 22, “A Prophecy About Jerusalem”

Christian Living

“Because Of Who You Are,” Vicki Yohe

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy About Jerusalem,” Isaiah 22:1) The Burden (Oracle) of The Valley of Vision.  What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the house tops?  2) Thou that art full of stirs (commotion), a tumultuous city, a joyous city:  thy slain men are not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle.  3) All thy rulers are fled together, they are bound by the archers:  all that are found in thee are bound together, which have fled from far.  4) Therefore said I, Look away from me; I will weep bitterly, labour not to comfort me, because of the spoiling of the daughter of my people.  5) For it is a day of trouble, and of treading down, And Of Perplexity By The Lord God Of Hosts in The Valley of Vision, breaking down the walls, and of crying to the mountains.  Lamentations 1:5.

Quest Study Bible – v1, “Valley of Vision,”  A surprising way to introduce a Prophecy about Jerusalem, Often referred to as a Mountain (10:32).  A mountain provides a commanding view, but little can be seen from a valley.  This could be sarcasm — Isaiah saying the people have no vision.  They celebrate a temporary victory and fail to see the coming destruction.  The phrase could also mean a specific valley in which Isaiah had this Vision.  v1, “Why did the people go to the roof?” It was not uncommon for flat roofs to be used as multi-purpose family rooms — sometimes for work, sometimes for relaxing in the cool evening breezes.  In this case, however, the people simply wanted a good look at the distant hills.  They may have watched in alarm as foreign soldiers surrounded the city, or they may have been celebrating the invaders’ retreat, perhaps after the unsuccessful Assyrian attack in 701 B. C. (2 Chronicles 32).  v2-3, “How did they die?”  In 588 B. C. Babylon surrounded Jerusalem in a blockade that lasted about two years.  The city ran out of food causing many to starve or die of disease.  The night Babylon finally broke through the wall, Jerusalem’s rulers tried to escape, but the king was chased down and captured 16 miles away in Jericho (v. 3; 2 Kings 25:3-5).

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v1, Valley of Vision, sarcastically describes Jerusalem.  Mount Zion is ironically personified in Its valleys from which It could see nothing.  Instead of partying on housetops, the ailing city should have been in its Prayer Closets.   v2, 3, In the Prophets Vision, the rulers are not slain with the sword while heroically defending the city, but are captured while fleeing to save their own skins (2 Kings 25:4-6).  v4, 5, daughter of my people:  For a similar reference, see 1:8.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-7, Why is Jerusalem in such terror?  Her slain men are not slain with the sword, but with famine; or, slain with fear, disheartened.  Their rulers fled, but were overtaken.  The servants of God, who foresee and warn sinners of coming miseries, are affected by the prospect.  But all the horrors of a city taken by storm, (have a shadow of the terrors coming on The Day Of Wrath).

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 21, “A Prophecy Against Arabia”

Christian Living

christian cross: Illustration of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus. A bleeding heart with flames, pierced by a lance wound with crown of thorns and cross. Illustration

“Withholding Nothing,” William McDowell

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy Against Arabia,” Isaiah 21:13) The Burden (Oracle) upon Arabia.  In the forest In Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.  14) The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled (or, bring food for the fugitives).  15) For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war.  16) For Thus Hath The Lord Said Unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail:  Genesis 25:13.  17) And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, Shall Be Diminished For The Lord God Of Israel Hath Spoken it.

Quest Study Bible – v16, “Why were the people of Kedar so pompous?”  Kedar, in northwestern Arabia not far from Judah, was known as a land of Arabian princes, prosperous caravan merchants and wealthy herdsmen (Ezekiel 27:21).  But Kedar’s glory days were about to end.  Assyria and Babylon each led campaigns into northern Arabia with Nebuchadnezzar’s army finally defeating Kedar (Jeremiah 49:28-29).

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v13, Dedanites (Dedanim) may be the refugees described in v. 15.  v14, Tema was about two hundred miles southeast of Dumah (v. 11).  v15, The drawn sword are those of the Assyrians and Babylonians.  v16, 17, Kedar was a fertile region in the northwestern part of the Assyrian desert in which Dedan and Tema were located (60:7).  Its refugees would be driven deeper into the desert.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – The Arabians lived in tents, and kept cattle.  A destroying army shall be brought upon them, and make them an easy pray.  We know not what straits we may be brought into before we die.  Those may know the want of necessary food who now eat bread to the full.  Neither the skill of archers, nor the courage of mighty men, Can Protect From The Judgments of God.  That is poor glory, which will thus quickly come to nothing.  Thus Hath The Lord Said To Me; And No Word Of His Shall Fall To The Ground.  We May Be Sure The Strength of Israel Will Not Lie.  Happy are those only whose Riches and Glory (*Christ And His Salvation) are out of the reach of invaders; all other prosperity will speedily pass away.  

* This person’s belief.

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 21, “A Prophecy Against Edom”

Christian Living

christian cross: Illustration of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus. A bleeding heart with flames, pierced by a lance wound with crown of thorns and cross. Illustration

“In The Midst Of It All,” Yolanda Adams

“The Best In Me,” Marvin Sapp

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy Against Edom,” Isaiah 21:11) The Burden of Dumah (Silence or Stillness).  He Calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night?  Watchman, what of the night?  12) The watchman said, “The morning cometh, and also the night:  if ye will enquire, enquire ye:  return, come.  

Quest Study Bible – v11, Dumah … Seir.  Seir is Edom, Esau’s homeland southeast of the Dead Sea (Genesis 32;3).  Dumah could be a play on words, referring to Edom.  In Hebrew it looks similar to Edom and means silence.  Dumah could also be an oasis in northern Arabia.  Either way, the Prophecy was a warning to the desert people southeast of Jerusalem.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v11, Dumah was located at the intersection of the east-west trade route between Babylon and Edom and the north-south route between Palmyra and Edom.  Watchman refers to the night patrol that kept watch on the city.  The metaphor refers to the Prophet Isaiah, who as a guard on the walls could see the dawn of salvation–in the east before others.  v12, and also the night:  Dumah’s future was grim.  Relief from Assyrian domination would be followed quickly by Babylonian domination.

John Gill’s Exposition of The Bible – v11, The Burden (Oracle) of Dumah  Whether this prophecy concerns the Edomites or Idumeans, or whether the Arabians, particularly the Dumean Arabians, is a question, since Dumah was a son of Ishmael, ( Genesis 25:14 ) and there was a place in Arabia called Dumatha F25; and interpret(ed) here (as) Dumah the son of Ishmael; but inasmuch as mention is made of Seir, a mountain, which belonged to the Edomites, ( Genesis 36:8 Genesis 36:9 ) and a distinct Prophecy afterwards follows concerning Arabia, it is more generally thought that Dumah signifies Edom or Idumea; the Septuagint version renders it, the vision of Idumea; and the Arabic version calls it, a prophecy concerning Edom and Seir;  some of the Hebrews read “Roma” for “Duma”, and suppose that the Roman empire is designed; and certain it is, that nothing is more common with them than to call the Roman empire, and Rome itself, by the name of Edom, and the Romans, or Christians, Edomites F26: He Calleth to me out of Seir;  a mountain inhabited by the Edomites, the posterity of Esau, so called from Seir the Horite, ( Genesis 36:8Genesis 36:9 Genesis 36:20 ) . (It is understood that) This (Is) God Calling From Heaven To The Prophet To Prophesy;  but it seems best to interpret it of an Edomite, or an inhabitant of Mount Seir, calling to the watchman, and saying, as follows: watchman, what of the night? watchman, what of the night?  what time of night is it? and what remains to come? it is the business of watchmen to give or tell the time of night: or,  F1 what has happened since it was night? hast thou observed nothing? is not the enemy nigh, or danger at hand?  The question is repeated, as is usual with persons in a panic, and fearing the watchman should not hear them the first time; or it may denote one coming after another in a fright, asking the same question. Some, by the watchman, understand God himself, Who Is Israel’s Keeper, ( Psalms 121:4 Psalms 121:5 ) where the same word is used as here; and well agrees with God, Who Is The Keeper And Preserver Of All Men In A Way Of Providence; and Who, As He Watches Over The Evil Of Sin, To Bring The Evil Of Affliction or Punishment For It.  Others think Christ Is Meant, and so the Jews say F2, this is Metatron (One who marks off a place) The Keeper Of Israel, which with them is One Of The Names of The Messiah; And To Whom This Character of a Watchman Agrees, As he Is The Shepherd Of His Flock, And The Keeper Of His People; And Who, As The Omniscient God, Knows All Things That Are, And Shall Be, (And All That Has Passed) and Which Will Quickly Come To Pass: though it may be best of all to understand it of a prophet or prophets, who were called watchmen under the Old Testament, ( Isaiah 21:6 Isaiah 21:8 )       ( Ezekiel 3:17 ) as Ministers Of The Word Are Under The New, in allusion to shepherds and watchmen of cities; and whose business it is, as to show sinners the danger of their ways, and to arouse sleepy Saints, so to give the time of night, that the churches of Christ may know whereabout they are. Now let it be observed, that this Prophecy may refer to the times when Dumah, Edom, or Idumea, was possessed by the Jews, according to The Prophecy in ( Numbers 24:18 Numbers 24:19 ) see ( Revelation 18:4 )

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary –  v12, and also the night:  Dumah’s future was grim.  Relief from Assyrian domination would be followed quickly by Babylonian domination.

John Gill’s Exposition of The Bible – v12,  The watchman said, the morning cometh, and also the night,  &c.] Not only a morning, but a night; and as sure as the morning comes, so shall the night; there wilt be a constant succession of morning and night; as a morning of prosperity, so a night of adversity: The Morning Of The Gospel Dispensation (A Divine Ordering of Affairs) was coming on, or Of Christ’s Coming In The flesh, which was attended with Joy and Cheerfulness; like the morning, It Dispersed The Shadows Of The Law, Introduced Light, which Gradually and Irresistibly Spread Itself over the Gentile world; but then followed a night of darkness to the Jews, blindness happened to them, which still continues; and to the Arabians, Saracens, and Turks, when the bottomless pit was opened by Mahomet (an Arab prophet), which let out smoke and locusts in the eastern part of the world; and to the western part, when the Romish antichrist established himself as universal bishop: a morning came on again at the Reformation, and a night will follow, which is now begun; it is already a time of darkness, coldness, sleepiness, and of error and heresy, which will issue in an eventide, in a dark night: if it be asked what time it is with us, or how far we are gone toward the night? the answer is, we are in and toward the close of the Sardian church state; we are in the twilight, or in that part of time which is neither day nor night, ( Zechariah 14:6 Zechariah 14:7 ) the slaying of the witnesses is yet to come, which, with the general spread of Popery (Roman Catholicism) all over Christendom, will make it entire night; after which will come on the morning of The Spiritual Reign Of Christ, When The Light Of The Gospel will be spread everywhere, and Joy and Gladness Will Attend The Saints in all places; and it will be a time of great prosperity, both Spiritual and Temporal (Worldly); which will be succeeded by another night of coldness, deadness, and carnal security, and will last till The Second and Personal Coming Of Christ; Which Will Bring On The Morning Of A Glorious Resurrection To The Saints, after which there will be no more night to them, though there will be an Eternal One to the wicked.   if ye will inquire, inquire ye;  seriously and in good earnest, diligently and constantly, with all humility and Reverence, By Prayer To God and by Searching The Scriptures, and by Application To The Watchmen, The Ministers Of The Word, who make it their business to Study It, and Have The Mind Of Christ: return, come;
Return By Repentance, And Come To God, Who Receives Backsliders, Heals Their Backslidings, and Loves Them Freely; or, “come again”, to the watchman, and to The Lord, and Renew Your Inquiries Till You Get Satisfaction.

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 21, “A Prophecy Against Babylon,” cont’d

Christian Living

John 4:24

“I’m Gonna Be Ready,” Yolanda Adams

“Let Praises Rise,” ORU Worship Center 

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy Against Babylon,” cont’d, Isaiah 21:6) For Thus Hath The Lord Said Unto me, Go, set a watchman, let him declare what he seeth.  7) And he saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and a chariot of camels; and he hearkened diligently with much heed:  8) And he cried, A lion:  My lord, I stand continually upon the watchtower in the daytime, and I am set in my ward whole nights:  9) And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen.  And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, and all the graven images of her gods He Hath Broken Into The Ground.  Jeremiah 50:2; Revelation 14:8.  10) O My Threshing, And The Corn Of My Floor (or, O My People, Crushed On The Threshing Floor); That Which I Have Heard Of The Lord Of Hosts, The God Of Israel, have I declared unto you.

Quest Study Bible – “What can we learn from ancient Prophecies?”  v1, Prophecy teaches us lessons, much as history does.  When we see the parallels between our times and the Israelites’, we can benefit from the things they learned.  For instance, Prophecy offers a glimpse of how seriously God Takes Sin.  A Holy God Cannot Leave Sin Unpunished Indefinitely.  Sinners must either be Forgiven or face a Day of Judgment.  Prophecy also reveals the image of specific sins.  Israel, for example, desiring to be self-sufficient, Often Was Reluctant To Trust In God.  If their crops didn’t grow or their wives didn’t conceive, they would turn to fertility gods for solutions.  If neighboring armies strapped on body armor, the Israelites would make treaties with pagan allies instead of Trusting In God (Leviticus 26:7-8; Isaiah 31:1).  Prophecies sometimes show us examples of God’s Patience and Mercy.  He Often Used Prophecy To Call Israel Back To Him–His Last Attempt To Avoid Punishing Them For Their Failure To Follow Him.   

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v6, Lord here means “Master.”  The watchman is probably Isaiah.  v7, A chariot of donkeys (asses) probably means “donkey riders” and a chariot of camels probably means “camel riders.”  The Persian army used donkeys and camels.  v8, 9, In the daytime … every night suggests “continually” — a display of Isaiah’s Faithfulness To His Calling.   v10, My threshing (violently beat) is a metaphor (comparison) for the punishment coming to Judah.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-10, Babylon was a flat country, abundantly watered.  The destruction of Babylon, so often Prophesied of by Isaiah, was typical of the destruction of the great foe of the New Testament Church, foretold in The Revelation.  To the poor oppressed captives it would be grievous.  Let this check vain mirth and sensual pleasures, that we know not in what heaviness the mirth may end.  Here is the alarm given to Babylon, when forced by Cyrus.  An ass and a camel seem to be the symbols of the Medes and Persians.  Babylon’s idols shall be so far from protecting her, that they shall be broken down.  True Believers Are The Corn Of God’s Floor; hypocrites are but as chaff and straw with which the wheat is now mixed, but from which it shall be separated.  The Corn Of God’s Floor Must Expect To Be Threshed By Afflictions and Persecutions.  God’s Israel of old was afflicted.  Even then God Owns it is His Still.  In All Events Concerning The Church, Past, Present, And To Come, We Must Look To God, Who Has Power To Do Any Thing For His Church, And Grace To Do Every Thing That Is For Her Good.  

“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 21, “A Prophecy Against Babylon”

Christian Living

John 4:24

“I Worship You,” (Mary, Mary), Trey McLaughlin and SOZ

“Let Praises Rise,” ORU Worship Center 

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy Against Babylon,” Isaiah 21:1) The Burden (Oracle) of the desert of the sea.  As whirlwinds in the south pass through so it cometh from the desert, from a terrible land.  2) A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth.  Go up, O Elam:  besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof Have I Made To Cease.  1 Samuel 24:13.  3) Therefore are my loins filled with pain:  pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman that travaileth:  I was bowed down at the hearing of it;  I was dismayed at the seeing of it.  4) My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me:  the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me.  5) Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink:  arise, ye princes, and anoint the shield.

Quest Study Bible – “What can we learn from ancient Prophecies?”  v1, Prophecy teaches us lessons, much as history does.  When we see the parallels between our times and the Israelites’, we can benefit from the things they learned.  For instance, Prophecy offers a glimpse of how seriously God Takes Sin.  A Holy God Cannot Leave Sin Unpunished Indefinitely.  Sinners must either be Forgiven or face a Day of Judgment.  Prophecy also reveals the image of specific sins.  Israel, for example, desiring to be self-sufficient, Often Was Reluctant To Trust In God.  If their crops didn’t grow or their wives didn’t conceive, they would turn to fertility gods for solutions.  If neighboring armies strapped on body armor, the Israelites would make treaties with pagan allies instead of Trusting In God (Leviticus 26:7-8; Isaiah 31:1).  Prophecies sometimes show us examples of God’s Patience and Mercy.  He Often Used Prophecy To Call Israel Back To Him–His Last Attempt To Avoid Punishing Them For Their Failure To Follow Him.   

“Desert by the sea,” v1, This mysterious description could be a reference to Babylon, a desert empire just north of the Persian Gulf (see Map 7 at the back of this Bible).  v3-4, “What caused Isaiah to tremble?”  These words might symbolize the horrors Babylon would suffer when foreign armies would invade it.  More likely they describe Isaiah’s reaction to his Vision of seeing the Babylonians die.  He showed great compassion for the enemy, Though God Had Said Babylon Would Utterly Destroy Jerusalem.  Like other prophets, Isaiah waited anxiously for the twilight–the fall of Babylon.  But he was unprepared for the gruesome images of Babylon’s dying human beings.  v5, Scripture Link, “They set the tables,” Read about a feast in the royal courts of Babylon the night before it fell (Daniel 5:1-4).  v5, “Oil the shields,”  Most shields in Old Testament times were made of wood or wicker frames covered in hides.  Some were reinforced with metal in the center and around the edges.  Left unoiled, the leather covering became brittle and easier to pierce in combat.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v1, Wilderness means “desert.”  The phrase Wilderness of the sea may be a sarcastic parody of Babylon, whose southern region on the Persian Gulf was called “The Land of the Sea.”  v2, Its sighing may refer to the sighing Babylon inflicted on others, or to its own sighing under Assyrian oppression.   v3, Perhaps Isaiah was distressed in the report of Babylon’s fall because it meant that Babylon could not save Judah from the Assyrians.  v4, Although Isaiah longed for the fall of Babylon, he feared its consequences to Judah.  v5, Having  summoned Babylon’s princes to eat and drink, Isaiah summoned them again to anoint the shield in preparation for battle (Daniel 5).

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-10, Babylon was a flat country, abundantly watered.  The destruction of Babylon, so often Prophesied of by Isaiah, was typical of the destruction of the great foe of the New Testament Church, foretold in The Revelation.  To the poor oppressed captives it would be grievous.  Let this check vain mirth and sensual pleasures, that we know not in what heaviness the mirth may end.  Here is the alarm given to Babylon, when forced by Cyrus.  An ass and a camel seem to be the symbols of the Medes and Persians.  Babylon’s idols shall be so far from protecting her, that they shall be broken down.  True Believers Are The Corn Of God’s Floor; hypocrites are but as chaff and straw with which the wheat is now mixed, but from which it shall be separated.  The Corn Of God’s Floor Must Expect To Be Threshed By Afflictions and Persecutions.  God’s Israel of old was afflicted.  Even then God Owns it is His Still.  In All Events Concerning The Church, Past, Present, And To Come, We Must Look To God, Who Has Power To Do Any Thing For His Church, And Grace To Do Every Thing That Is For Her Good.