“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 21, “A Prophecy Against Edom”

Christian Living

christian cross: Illustration of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus. A bleeding heart with flames, pierced by a lance wound with crown of thorns and cross. Illustration

“In The Midst Of It All,” Yolanda Adams

“The Best In Me,” Marvin Sapp

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“A Prophecy Against Edom,” Isaiah 21:11) The Burden of Dumah (Silence or Stillness).  He Calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night?  Watchman, what of the night?  12) The watchman said, “The morning cometh, and also the night:  if ye will enquire, enquire ye:  return, come.  

Quest Study Bible – v11, Dumah … Seir.  Seir is Edom, Esau’s homeland southeast of the Dead Sea (Genesis 32;3).  Dumah could be a play on words, referring to Edom.  In Hebrew it looks similar to Edom and means silence.  Dumah could also be an oasis in northern Arabia.  Either way, the Prophecy was a warning to the desert people southeast of Jerusalem.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v11, Dumah was located at the intersection of the east-west trade route between Babylon and Edom and the north-south route between Palmyra and Edom.  Watchman refers to the night patrol that kept watch on the city.  The metaphor refers to the Prophet Isaiah, who as a guard on the walls could see the dawn of salvation–in the east before others.  v12, and also the night:  Dumah’s future was grim.  Relief from Assyrian domination would be followed quickly by Babylonian domination.

John Gill’s Exposition of The Bible – v11, The Burden (Oracle) of Dumah  Whether this prophecy concerns the Edomites or Idumeans, or whether the Arabians, particularly the Dumean Arabians, is a question, since Dumah was a son of Ishmael, ( Genesis 25:14 ) and there was a place in Arabia called Dumatha F25; and interpret(ed) here (as) Dumah the son of Ishmael; but inasmuch as mention is made of Seir, a mountain, which belonged to the Edomites, ( Genesis 36:8 Genesis 36:9 ) and a distinct Prophecy afterwards follows concerning Arabia, it is more generally thought that Dumah signifies Edom or Idumea; the Septuagint version renders it, the vision of Idumea; and the Arabic version calls it, a prophecy concerning Edom and Seir;  some of the Hebrews read “Roma” for “Duma”, and suppose that the Roman empire is designed; and certain it is, that nothing is more common with them than to call the Roman empire, and Rome itself, by the name of Edom, and the Romans, or Christians, Edomites F26: He Calleth to me out of Seir;  a mountain inhabited by the Edomites, the posterity of Esau, so called from Seir the Horite, ( Genesis 36:8Genesis 36:9 Genesis 36:20 ) . (It is understood that) This (Is) God Calling From Heaven To The Prophet To Prophesy;  but it seems best to interpret it of an Edomite, or an inhabitant of Mount Seir, calling to the watchman, and saying, as follows: watchman, what of the night? watchman, what of the night?  what time of night is it? and what remains to come? it is the business of watchmen to give or tell the time of night: or,  F1 what has happened since it was night? hast thou observed nothing? is not the enemy nigh, or danger at hand?  The question is repeated, as is usual with persons in a panic, and fearing the watchman should not hear them the first time; or it may denote one coming after another in a fright, asking the same question. Some, by the watchman, understand God himself, Who Is Israel’s Keeper, ( Psalms 121:4 Psalms 121:5 ) where the same word is used as here; and well agrees with God, Who Is The Keeper And Preserver Of All Men In A Way Of Providence; and Who, As He Watches Over The Evil Of Sin, To Bring The Evil Of Affliction or Punishment For It.  Others think Christ Is Meant, and so the Jews say F2, this is Metatron (One who marks off a place) The Keeper Of Israel, which with them is One Of The Names of The Messiah; And To Whom This Character of a Watchman Agrees, As he Is The Shepherd Of His Flock, And The Keeper Of His People; And Who, As The Omniscient God, Knows All Things That Are, And Shall Be, (And All That Has Passed) and Which Will Quickly Come To Pass: though it may be best of all to understand it of a prophet or prophets, who were called watchmen under the Old Testament, ( Isaiah 21:6 Isaiah 21:8 )       ( Ezekiel 3:17 ) as Ministers Of The Word Are Under The New, in allusion to shepherds and watchmen of cities; and whose business it is, as to show sinners the danger of their ways, and to arouse sleepy Saints, so to give the time of night, that the churches of Christ may know whereabout they are. Now let it be observed, that this Prophecy may refer to the times when Dumah, Edom, or Idumea, was possessed by the Jews, according to The Prophecy in ( Numbers 24:18 Numbers 24:19 ) see ( Revelation 18:4 )

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary –  v12, and also the night:  Dumah’s future was grim.  Relief from Assyrian domination would be followed quickly by Babylonian domination.

John Gill’s Exposition of The Bible – v12,  The watchman said, the morning cometh, and also the night,  &c.] Not only a morning, but a night; and as sure as the morning comes, so shall the night; there wilt be a constant succession of morning and night; as a morning of prosperity, so a night of adversity: The Morning Of The Gospel Dispensation (A Divine Ordering of Affairs) was coming on, or Of Christ’s Coming In The flesh, which was attended with Joy and Cheerfulness; like the morning, It Dispersed The Shadows Of The Law, Introduced Light, which Gradually and Irresistibly Spread Itself over the Gentile world; but then followed a night of darkness to the Jews, blindness happened to them, which still continues; and to the Arabians, Saracens, and Turks, when the bottomless pit was opened by Mahomet (an Arab prophet), which let out smoke and locusts in the eastern part of the world; and to the western part, when the Romish antichrist established himself as universal bishop: a morning came on again at the Reformation, and a night will follow, which is now begun; it is already a time of darkness, coldness, sleepiness, and of error and heresy, which will issue in an eventide, in a dark night: if it be asked what time it is with us, or how far we are gone toward the night? the answer is, we are in and toward the close of the Sardian church state; we are in the twilight, or in that part of time which is neither day nor night, ( Zechariah 14:6 Zechariah 14:7 ) the slaying of the witnesses is yet to come, which, with the general spread of Popery (Roman Catholicism) all over Christendom, will make it entire night; after which will come on the morning of The Spiritual Reign Of Christ, When The Light Of The Gospel will be spread everywhere, and Joy and Gladness Will Attend The Saints in all places; and it will be a time of great prosperity, both Spiritual and Temporal (Worldly); which will be succeeded by another night of coldness, deadness, and carnal security, and will last till The Second and Personal Coming Of Christ; Which Will Bring On The Morning Of A Glorious Resurrection To The Saints, after which there will be no more night to them, though there will be an Eternal One to the wicked.   if ye will inquire, inquire ye;  seriously and in good earnest, diligently and constantly, with all humility and Reverence, By Prayer To God and by Searching The Scriptures, and by Application To The Watchmen, The Ministers Of The Word, who make it their business to Study It, and Have The Mind Of Christ: return, come;
Return By Repentance, And Come To God, Who Receives Backsliders, Heals Their Backslidings, and Loves Them Freely; or, “come again”, to the watchman, and to The Lord, and Renew Your Inquiries Till You Get Satisfaction.


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