“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/Isaiah 17, “An Oracle Against Damascus”

Christian Living

“What Can I Do,” Tye Tribbett

“You Are Good,” Tye Tribbett

Oracle – A person through whom God Speaks, or Message From God.

Oracles – The Words Of God

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 

Idolatry – Worship Of/To Any Created Object or Person Instead of The True Creator, God.

“Jacob” is used here to denote or, indicates the kingdom of Israel, or Samaria.

“An Oracle Against Damascus,” Isaiah 17:1) The Burden (Oracle) of Damascus.  Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.  Jeremiah 49:23.  2) The cities of Aroer are forsaken:  they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make them afraid.  Jeremiah 7:33.  3) The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria:  they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, Saith The Lord Of Hosts.  4) And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.  5) And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim.  Jeremiah 51:33; Revelation 14:15-19.  6) Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, Saith The Lord God Of Israel.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v1, 2, cities … flocks:  Where people once lived, conditions would be suitable only for flocks (14:23).  v3, Ephraim designates Northern Israel.  Since Damascus, the capital of Syria, was allied with Ephraim, the Oracle of God’s Judgment was against both nations.  v4, In that day:  For a similar phrase see 2:12.  v5, harvests:  The nation of Syria would be “harvested” of its people.  The word Raphaim is the Hebrew word for “shades” or “ghosts.”  Thus the Valley of Raphaim is the Valley of Death.  v6, A remnant would be left (10:20) even though it would be pitifully small.

Quest Study Bible – v1, Oracle, see Oracle 13:1.  v1, “How was Damacus reduced to ruins?” In 732 B. C., the Assyrian king, Tiglath-Pileser lll, responding to pleas from Judah’s king Ahaz for military support, razed (completely destroyed) Damascus (7:16; 2 Kings 16:9).  v2, Aroer, A Moabite city east of the Dead Sea on the Arnon river which flows into the Dead Sea (see Map 4 at the back of this Bible).  v3, “Why was Ephraim included in the Oracle against Damascus?”  Ephaim–a tribe representative of The Northern Kingdom of Israel—had joined in a military alliance with Damascus (7:1).  As a result, the Prophecy was given against both kingdoms.  v3-6, “How would Aram’s remnant be like the glory of the Israelites?”  Isaiah is being sarcastic–and goes on to describe what he really means—exactly the opposite (vv. 4-6).  Glory was used to describe any power or splendor that gives social weight, respect and esteem.  The remnant of Aram (Syria), those surviving Assyria’s destruction of Damascus and their nation, would have no glory whatsoever.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1-11, Sin desolates cities.  It is strange that great conquerors should take pride in being enemies to mankind.  The strong holds of Israel, the kingdom of the ten tribes, will be brought to ruin.  The people had, by sins, made themselves ripe for ruin; and their glory was as quickly cut down and taken away by the enemy, as the corn is out of the field of the husbandman.  Mercy is reserved in the midst of Judgment, for a remnant.  But very few shall be marked to be Saved.  Only here and there one was left behind.  But they shall be a Remnant made Holy.  The few that are Saved were Awakened to Return To God.  They Shall Acknowledge His Hand In All Events; They Shall Give Him The Glory Due To His Name.  To Bring Us To This, Is The Design Of His Providence (His Will and Plan), As He Is Our Maker; And (We,) The Work Of His Grace, (For) He Is The Holy One Of Israel.  They shall look (Away) from their idols, the creatures of their fancy.  We have reason to account those afflictions happy (or, good for us), which (separate) us (from and come) between us and our sins.  The God Of Our Salvation Is The Rock Of Our Strength; Our Forgetfulness And (Our Being) Unmindful Of Him Are At The Bottom Of All Sin.  The pleasant plants, and shoots from a foreign soil, are expressions for strange and idolatrous worship, and the vile practices connected therewith.  Diligence (Persistence) Would Be Used To Promote The Growth Of These Strange Slips (Sinful Practices), But All In Vain.  (We Need To) See The Evil And Danger Of Sin, And Its Certain Consequences.  

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