“A Prophecy Against Babylon,” Vll, Isaiah 14:16) They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms; 17) That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners? 18) All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house. 19) But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet. 20) Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed thy land, and slain thy people: the seed of evildoers shall never be renowned. 21) Prepare slaughter for his children for the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with cities. Job 18:19. 22) For I Will Rise Up Against them, Saith The Lord Of Hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name; and remnant, and son, and nephew, Saith The Lord. 23) I Will Also Make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I Will Sweep it with the besom (broom) of destruction, Saith The Lord Of Hosts.
Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v16, man … tremble: Isaiah compares this king to The One Who Can Truly Shake The Earth (see 13:13). v17, 18, The house of his prisoners refers to exile. Unlike Cyrus, who sent the exiles home, the king of Babylon kept them captive. v19, out of your grave: The ancients believed that a proper burial was important. abominable branch: Contrast this with the Beautiful Branch, The Messiah (11:1). This is an “anti-Messiah” figure. v20, The brood (or, seed of evildoers) … shall never be named: This evil king’s posterity will not be remembered. v21, 22, I Will Rise: The Lord Himself Is Behind The Destruction Of This Arrogant King (v. 5). v23, 24, porcupine … marshes: The former beautiful city of Babylon (13:19 would become a wild, inhospitable place.
Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1 – v23, The Whole Plan of Divine Providence (God’s Sovereign Guidance) is arranged with a view to the good of the people of God. A settlement in the Land of Promise Is Of God’s Mercy. Let The Church receive those whom God Receives. God’s People, wherever their lot is cast, should endeavor to recommend Religion by a right and winning conversation. Those that would not be reconciled to them, should be humbled by them. This may be applied to The Success of The Gospel, when those were brought to Obey It who had opposed It. God Himself Undertakes To Work A Blessed Change. They shall have rest from their sorrow and fear, the sense of their present burdens, and the dread of worse. Babylon abounded in riches. The king of Babylon having the absolute command of so much wealth, by the help of it ruled the nations. This refers especially to the people of the Jews, and it filled up (or, completed) the measure of the king of Babylon’s sins. Tyrants sacrifice their true interests to their lusts and passions. It is (good to have) ambitions to covet to be Like The Most Holy, For He Has Said, Be ye Holy, For I Am Holy; but it is sinful ambition to aim to be like The Most High, for He Has Said, He who exalts himself shall be abased (made low). The devil thus drew our first parents to sin. Utter ruin should be brought upon him. Those who will not cease to sin, God Will Make To Cease. He should be slain, and go down to the grave; this is the common fate of tyrants. True Glory, that is, True Grace, will go up with the soul to Heaven, but vain pomp (boastfulness and vanity) will go down with the body to the grave; there is an end of it. To be denied burial, if for Righteousness’s sake, may be Rejoiced In, Matthew 5:12. But if the just punishment of sin, it denotes (will be a sign) that impenitent (unrepentant) sinners shall rise to everlasting shame and contempt. God will reckon with those that disturb the peace of mankind. The receiving of the king of Babylon into the region of the dead, shows there is a world of spirits, to which the souls of men (go) at death. And that souls have converse with each other, though we have none with them; and that death and hell will be death and hell indeed, to all who fall unholy, from the height of this world’s pomps (vanity), and the fullness of its pleasures. Learn from all this, that the seed of evil-doers shall never be renowned (celebrated). The royal city is to be ruined and forsaken. Thus the utter destruction of the New Testament Babylon is illustrated, Revelation 18:2. When a people will not be made clean with the Besom (Broom) of Reformation, what can they expect but to be swept off the face of the earth with the Besom of Destruction(.)