“A Prophecy Against Babylon,” Vl, Isaiah 14:9) Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations. 10) All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we? art thou become like unto us? 11) Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee. 12) How art thou fallen from Heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! 13) For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into Heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon The Mount Of The Congregation, in the sides of the north: 14) I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like The Most High. 2 Thessalonians 2:4. 15) Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit. Matthew 11:23; Acts 12:23.
Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v9-11, excited: The commotion in hell when the king of Babylon arrives contrasts sharply with the rest on earth when he is gone. The defeated subjects of the Babylonian tyrants are pictured as sitting on thrones, while the king is given a blanket of worms. v12, Fallen from Heaven is a figure of speech meaning cast down from an exalted political position. The name for Lucifer in Hebrew literally means “Day Star,” or the planet Venus. This is an apt summary of the failed goal of the king of Babylon (v. 4) who wanted to grasp universal and eternal domination. v13, Above the stars of God: In this highly poetic language, Isaiah describes a king whose longing for Glory was unlimited. v14, I will be like The Most High is the most outrageous of the arrogant desires of this Assyrian or Babylonian king. He wanted to surpass The Most High, a Term for The Lord that is often used in connection with the nations of the world (Psalm 87:5; 91:1, 9; 92:1). v15. The word lowest depths renders the same Hebrew word translated “farthest sides” (in v. 13). This is an example of comic justice for his king who wished to ascend to the heights of the gods and even The Most High Himself.
Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1 – v23, The Whole Plan of Divine Providence (God’s Sovereign Guidance) is arranged with a view to the good of the people of God. A settlement in the Land of Promise Is Of God’s Mercy. Let The Church receive those whom God Receives. God’s People, wherever their lot is cast, should endeavor to recommend Religion by a right and winning conversation. Those that would not be reconciled to them, should be humbled by them. This may be applied to The Success of The Gospel, when those were brought to Obey It who had opposed It. God Himself Undertakes To Work A Blessed Change. They shall have rest from their sorrow and fear, the sense of their present burdens, and the dread of worse. Babylon abounded in riches. The king of Babylon having the absolute command of so much wealth, by the help of it ruled the nations. This refers especially to the people of the Jews, and it filled up (or, completed) the measure of the king of Babylon’s sins. Tyrants sacrifice their true interests to their lusts and passions. It is (good to have) ambitions to covet to be Like The Most Holy, For He Has Said, Be ye Holy, For I Am Holy; but it is sinful ambition to aim to be like The Most High, for He Has Said, He who exalts himself shall be abased (made low). The devil thus drew our first parents to sin. Utter ruin should be brought upon him. Those who will not cease to sin, God Will Make To Cease. He should be slain, and go down to the grave; this is the common fate of tyrants. True Glory, that is, True Grace, will go up with the soul to Heaven, but vain pomp (boastfulness and vanity) will go down with the body to the grave; there is an end of it. To be denied burial, if for Righteousness’s sake, may be Rejoiced In, Matthew 5:12. But if the just punishment of sin, it denotes (will be a sign) that impenitent (unrepentant) sinners shall rise to everlasting shame and contempt. God will reckon with those that disturb the peace of mankind. The receiving of the king of Babylon into the region of the dead, shows there is a world of spirits, to which the souls of men (go) at death. And that souls have converse with each other, though we have none with them; and that death and hell will be death and hell indeed, to all who fall unholy, from the height of this world’s pomps (vanity), and the fullness of its pleasures. Learn from all this, that the seed of evil-doers shall never be renowned (celebrated). The royal city is to be ruined and forsaken. Thus the utter destruction of the New Testament Babylon is illustrated, Revelation 18:2. When a people will not be made clean with the Besom (Broom) of Reformation, what can they expect but to be swept off the face of the earth with the Besom of Destruction(.)