“A Prophecy Against Babylon,” V, Isaiah 14:1) For The Lord Will Have Mercy On Jacob, And Will Yet Choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob. Jeremiah 31:3, 4, 10, 11. 2) And the people shall take them, and bring them to their place: and the house of Israel shall possess them In The Land Of The Lord for servants and handmaids: and they shall take them captives, whose captives they were; and they shall rule over their oppressors. 3) And it shall come to pass in The Day That The Lord Shall Give thee rest from thy sorrow, and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou wast made to serve, 4) That thou shalt take up this Proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased! 5) The Lord Hath Broken The Staff of the wicked, and the sceptre of the rulers. 6) 6) He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nation in anger, is persecuted, and none hindereth. 7) The whole earth is at rest, and is quiet: they break forth into singing. 8) Yea, the fir trees rejoice at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art laid down, no feller (woodsman) is come up against us. Ezekiel 31:16.
Quest Study Bible – “How were Israelites to treat their neighbors?” v1-2, God Used The Israelites As His Instrument To Dispense Either Judgment Or Grace On Their Neighbors. God Instructed Israel to first make an offer of Peace to those whom they marched against (Deuteronomy 20:10-18). If Peace was accepted, the Israelites then laid down their arms. If not, they stormed the city and killed the inhabitants. In their way, Israel Became An Agent Of Divine Wrath, and was called to punish those that resisted God’s Plan and worshiped idols. On the other hand, the Israelites were to treat their Repentant Neighbors as Partners Of God’s Promises. In the Exodus from Egypt, the Israelites welcomed those nations that joined them in their Faith (Exodus 12:38). In the second Exodus from Babylon, they gratefully acknowledged the help of those nations that played a role in helping them return to their homeland ( 41:1-29; 44:28–45:1).
Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v1, Still (or, Will) may also be translated ‘again,” in which case it refers to the second Exodus, the return of the remnant from Babylonian captivity (see 11:15, 16). Choose: The Lord Will Make His Choice In Israel. Strangers will join the returning Israelites as they did in the first Exodus (Exodus 12:38). But in this case, the strangers will be loyal adherents (supporters) of The Lord. v2, people will take them: For the development of this idea, see Ezra 1:1-8. captive: for the development of this theme, see Ephesians 4:8. v3, Hard bondage is an allusion to the first Exodus (ch. 12). Rest recalls the freedom from Egyptian servitude (Deuteronomy 5:12-15). v4, Proverb refers to a highly figurative poem. oppressor: This is the same term used in 9:4 of an unknown Assyrian Tyrant. v5, 6, The staff and the scepter were symbols of authority and power in the ancient Middle East (9:4). struck: The Babylonian kings had paraded their their tyranny, but now The Lord In Judgment Was Breaking their instruments of oppression. v7, 8, At rest and quiet may be rephrased as “utterly quiet.” This is the security that comes after the tyrant is dead. cypress trees rejoice: The trees are personified, describing the joy of the formerly oppressed people (35:1, 44:23; 55:12).
Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v1 – v23, The Whole Plan of Divine Providence (God’s Sovereign Guidance) is arranged with a view to the good of the people of God. A settlement in the Land of Promise Is Of God’s Mercy. Let The Church receive those whom God Receives. God’s People, wherever their lot is cast, should endeavor to recommend Religion by a right and winning conversation. Those that would not be reconciled to them, should be humbled by them. This may be applied to The Success of The Gospel, when those were brought to Obey It who had opposed It. God Himself Undertakes To Work A Blessed Change. They shall have rest from their sorrow and fear, the sense of their present burdens, and the dread of worse. Babylon abounded in riches. The king of Babylon having the absolute command of so much wealth, by the help of it ruled the nations. This refers especially to the people of the Jews, and it filled up (or, completed) the measure of the king of Babylon’s sins. Tyrants sacrifice their true interests to their lusts and passions. It is (good to have) ambitions to covet to be Like The Most Holy, For He Has Said, Be ye Holy, For I Am Holy; but it is sinful ambition to aim to be like The Most High, for He Has Said, He who exalts himself shall be abased (made low). The devil thus drew our first parents to sin. Utter ruin should be brought upon him. Those who will not cease to sin, God Will Make To Cease. He should be slain, and go down to the grave; this is the common fate of tyrants. True Glory, that is, True Grace, will go up with the soul to Heaven, but vain pomp (boastfulness and vanity) will go down with the body to the grave; there is an end of it. To be denied burial, if for Righteousness’s sake, may be Rejoiced In, Matthew 5:12. But if the just punishment of sin, it denotes (will be a sign) that impenitent (unrepentant) sinners shall rise to everlasting shame and contempt. God will reckon with those that disturb the peace of mankind. The receiving of the king of Babylon into the region of the dead, shows there is a world of spirits, to which the souls of men (go) at death. And that souls have converse with each other, though we have none with them; and that death and hell will be death and hell indeed, to all who fall unholy, from the height of this world’s pomps (vanity), and the fullness of its pleasures. Learn from all this, that the seed of evil-doers shall never be renowned (celebrated). The royal city is to be ruined and forsaken. Thus the utter destruction of the New Testament Babylon is illustrated, Revelation 18:2. When a people will not be made clean with the Besom (Broom) of Reformation, what can they expect but to be swept off the face of the earth with the Besom of Destruction(.)