“Glory To The Lamb Jesus”/ “The Book Of Isaiah,” INTRODUCTION

Christian Living

“This Too Shall Pass,” Yolanda Adams

Prophecy – A Message or Prediction (What Will Happen In The Future)  From God

Prophesy – To Foretell, Expound, And Interpret The Message From God

Prophet/Prophetess – God’s Spokesman (or, person), Divinely Called Minister  

Prophetic – To Speak From God’s Perspective of what will Happen In The Future 


“The Book Of Isaiah” – INTRODUCTION

Quest Study Bible

“Why Read This Book?” Have you known Christians who lived double lives?  Who only seemed to by playing with God?  Isaiah knew people who lived a double life–the nation of Israel–and he shared God’s Hatred For heir Compromise.  He challenged them to shape up and Love God Will All Their Hearts And Minds.  Isaiah hoped that his readers might clearly see their hypocrisy and change their ways.

“Who Wrote The Book?” Isaiah, the son of Amoz.  Some claim that he could not have written later material in The Book, describing Events that occurred after the prophet’s death.  But others think such a view discounts The Supernatural Element Of God’s Revelation.  Prophecy, Given By The Inspiration Of God, Can Predict Future Events.

“To Whom Was It Written And Why?” Isaiah lived in Judah, the Southern Kingdom of the divided nation of Israel.  He was a Prophet to four kings of Judah from about 740 B.C. to 681 B.C., but he preached Repentance and Salvation to the whole nation.

“What Was Happening During This Time?”  Israel had faded from its former prominence and was now a second-rate nation.  Though Judah was threatened by Assyria and Egypt, it was spared from their destruction, largely through Isaiah’s influence.  The Northern Kingdom, however, was demolished by Assyrian forces.

“What To Look For In Isaiah:  Paradox (Contradiction).  Isaiah was a piercing poet, who understood The Two-Sided Nature Of God’s Character:  Mercy and Judgment, Grace and Discipline, Justice and Forgiveness, Exile and Salvation.  The tension of These Great Paradoxes fills the pages of Isaiah’s Writings, awaiting a Resolution only the reader can bring–Faith or Unbelief.

Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – INTRODUCTION

The Lord Called The Prophet Isaiah To Warn His People of their headlong rush into disaster because of their rebellion and idolatry.  The Book Of Isaiah records these Prophetic Words Of Warning, but It also Records Isaiah’s Words of Promise and Hope.  One day, A Messiah Would Come Who Would Save, Comfort, and Bless His People.  Isaiah the son of Amoz has traditionally been identified as the author of the entire Book that bears his name (1:1).

Understanding Hebrew Prophetic Literature involves recognizing and interpreting parallelism (more than one thought, similar in meaning).  The Hebrews used parallelism in poetry and Prophecy as a literary technique to emphasize a particular thought.  Here is an example:  “The ox knows its owner / and the donkey its master’s crib; / but Israel does know know, / My people do not consider” (1:3).  In the first part of this verse, both the ox and the donkey intuitively know the objects that they depend on, the owner (provider) as well as the “master’s crib” (provision).  The second part of the verse contrasts the intuition of the animals with the behavior of the Israelites.  Israel does not know “its Owner,” and even though they are God’s “people,” they “do not consider,” God’s Provision.  Thus the second half of the verse creates the analogy (comparison) in parallel (side by side) with the first half.

Unlike pros (favorable arguments) which address historical realities more directly, Prophetic Poetry draws its readers into Spiritual Realities with the use of evocative (strong images) language.  Thus in 42:15, the images of “mountains and hills” represent both physical and Spiritual obstacles to the exiles’ return to Jerusalem.  The Promise That The Lord Would Dry Up These Obstacles means that He Would Eliminate All Impediments (Hindrance, Obstructions) to the exiles’ return, Just As He Had Dried Up The Red Sea Long Before.  Another major element in Understanding Prophetic Literature is recognizing that The Prophesies Themselves and Their arrangements often lack chronological perspective (time sequence) or have multiple fulfillments (more than one outcome).  For example, The Same Prophecy May Speak of Both Jesus’ First and Second Comings (63:1, 2).  Likewise, One Prophesy May Speak Of Both The Virgin Birth Of Jesus as well as the birth of Isaiah’s son during Pekah’s invasion.  Ultimately, The Interpretation Of Jesus And The New Testament authors provide a Guide for interpreting Old Testament Prophecies.

Isaiah Predicted that the complete restoration was still to come (49:8-26).  The Promised Messiah Would Appear In The Future (61:1-3).  Then Gentiles would join Israel’s Godly Remnant to become the “servants” Of The Lord (56:3; 65:1, 15, 16) in a New Nation (65:1; 66:8).  The Ultimate Triumph Of Good Over Evil would have to await The New Heaven And The New Earth (65:17-19).   


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